Table of contents:

How To Make Molds For Paving Slabs With Your Own Hands: Instructions With Photos + Video
How To Make Molds For Paving Slabs With Your Own Hands: Instructions With Photos + Video
Video: How To Make Molds For Paving Slabs With Your Own Hands: Instructions With Photos + Video
Video: How to mix and make concrete pavers from a mold. 2023, February
Anonim

We make molds for paving slabs with our own hands

country path
country path

Owners of private houses and garden plots have long appreciated the advantage of paving slabs. Thanks to this accessory, it is so easy to transform your garden by equipping paths, platforms and small terraces on it. The cost of paving slabs can be different, and it is clear that a high-quality product will not be cheap. There is an excellent way out - independent production. But where to get the molds for the tiles? Today we will talk about how to make them yourself. It turns out that this is quite possible.

Content

  • 1 How beneficial is it
  • 2 Materials

    • 2.1 Plastic
    • 2.2 Tree
    • 2.3 Plaster
    • 2.4 Silicone and polyurethane
    • 2.5 Table: comparison of materials for self-production of forms
  • 3 Manufacturing technology

    • 3.1 Wooden formwork
    • 3.2 Plastic mold

      3.2.1 Video: Making a Plastic Tile Base

    • 3.3 Silicone mold

      3.3.1 Video: Making a Silicone Tile Mold

    • 3.4 Metal frame

      3.4.1 Video: DIY metal frame for paving slabs

How beneficial is it

If you decide to make paving slabs yourself, then you must take into account: the mold for its ebb is the main tool. It is in it that you will pour the filler, and you can do this right in your own yard.

Of course, you can buy the molds from the store. This is the simplest solution that will take you a minimum of time. But this solution is not without its drawbacks. The first drawback of purchased forms is in the monotonous patterns and standard configuration. The second is that the tiles made in them often have to be cut to fit the track in the right way, or to change the location of the track itself. And if you decide to make the forms for the tiles yourself, then you will probably take into account all the features of the landscape in advance.

using a tile mold
using a tile mold

DIY paving slab mold can save you money

If you do not plan too much work, then, of course, it is much easier to buy a form in a store. But if you have to pave a large area with tiles, then independent production will justify itself

In fact, a homemade form is perhaps the most costly measure in the production of paving slabs. Perhaps this is the only drawback of self-production (besides the fact that it takes time to produce the form). But everything pays off by the volume of production of the paving slabs themselves.

Materials

In industrial production, many materials are used to create the molds in which paving slabs are cast. But for their own production at home, they are most often used:

  • plastic;
  • wood;
  • gypsum;
  • silicone and polyurethane;
  • metal.

    round molds for plastic tiles
    round molds for plastic tiles

    Almost any improvised means can act as a form for paving slabs, even such circles, cut from plastic

These materials are readily available either in your home or at hardware stores. They are so easy to use that you can easily create a form with a simple look or complex texture. Models made of polyurethane or silicone are especially popular due to their strength and ability to repeat the pattern structure down to the smallest detail.

Plastic

The most budgetary material for making molds. Plastic bottles, containers, pallets - everything can serve as a form in the manufacture of paving slabs. For example, the bottom of five-liter bottles is cut off to the required height. And a plastic stand for a flower pot, at the bottom of which, for example, a large leaf of a plant is laid out, is a ready-made form.

plastic molds from available tools
plastic molds from available tools

A plastic mold suitable for paving slabs is sure to be found in any home

There is also a complex way of making interesting, exclusive forms. The plastic raw material is melted and poured into the formwork with a prepared template. When the mass has hardened, the tile mold can be used.

Wood

It is also a very simple material, it involves making a mold according to the formwork principle. Such a product can be made from a wooden beam or plywood that is resistant to moisture. To make a mold for paving slabs out of wood, strips of small thickness are taken, sawn into pieces with the required length, and then connected to each other using nails.

wooden formwork
wooden formwork

Wooden form based on formwork

Wooden formwork allows you to create tiles in simple geometric shapes.

Gypsum

The option of making molds from plaster is still very popular due to its simplicity and low cost. This material is so versatile that you can use it to create a template of any complexity.

All you need is:

  • gypsum mixture (add plasticizer or cement for extra strength);
  • wooden blocks for formwork;
  • a cladding element that will serve as a pattern on the form;
  • grease or oil for treating the cladding element (this will prevent plaster from sticking).

    plaster mold for paving slabs
    plaster mold for paving slabs

    Forms of any configuration can be made from gypsum

After rubbing the tiles with grease, lay them inside the formwork of the required size. Pour in the plaster mass so that it covers the entire sample, plus a couple of centimeters of reserve. Although the plaster hardens quickly, let the mold stand for 24 hours to ensure reliability.

Plaster molds also have a disadvantage: they are rather fragile. A small blow is enough to damage them. This risk increases with heavy use.

Silicone and polyurethane

For the manufacture of tiles in large volumes, molds made of silicone and polyurethane are considered the most convenient. They are used to create a wide variety of models with any design sophistication down to the smallest detail.

Buy a special compound from a hardware store or hardware store that contains a hardener. You can lay out the pattern from wire, sea pebbles, sticks, figured products, or use one ready-made tile as a sample.

Silicone molds
Silicone molds

Silicone tile mold has many advantages over gypsum and wood molds

The sample is placed in the formwork and the liquid silicone or polyurethane mass is spread on it with a layer of at least 1 cm. After the initial hardening, the excess is cut off, and then the resulting shape is carefully separated from the workpiece.

As a result, we will conduct a comparative analysis of materials and their use for making molds.

Table: comparison of materials for self-production of forms

Material

Quantity for 1 mold

Time

Level of difficulty

Plastic

Up to 1 kg

1 hour of work, 24 hours for solidification

Average

Wood

Up to 1.5 running meters of board

About 1 hour

Plain

Gypsum

Up to 2 kg

1 hour of work, 10–20 hours for solidification

Plain

Silicone, polyurethane

Up to 1 kg

1 hour of work, 1 hour for solidification

Average

Whichever option you choose, use simple tips in your work.

  1. Do not forget to make corner shapes if you do not plan to lay the tiles evenly, but with small kinks or corners. This will greatly facilitate the process: you do not have to cut the finished tiles.
  2. If you make several forms at once, do not forget that their size must be strictly the same. In addition, the tiles will need to be well connected to each other in a mosaic manner.

Manufacturing technology

Now we will describe the process of making molds from different materials in more detail. Try to adhere strictly to the technology to avoid mistakes.

Wooden formwork

Above, we have already described the process of making a mold, which is a formwork. Now let's talk about it in more detail.

making a mold from wood
making a mold from wood

The main difficulty in making a wooden mold is understanding the principle of joining parts

  1. Take a board and cut two pieces from it. Their length should be 3 cm longer than the edge of the paving slabs being produced.
  2. Cut out two more pieces, the length of which will exactly match the size of the tile. If you do not want to make rectangles or squares, but tiles of more complex geometric shapes, then for the frame you will need the appropriate number of boards.
  3. Fasten the resulting boards with iron corners. You will also need to screw in screws that can be easily removed after the finished product has hardened. When the solution is dry, you will need to partially disassemble the mold; that's what screws are for.

Plastic mold

As we have already said, this material is very easy to work with, it is durable and at the same time elastic.

  1. The formwork will serve as the basis for the form. You already know how to make it using a wooden form as an example. The only difference is that the boards need to be fixed with screws, tightly.

    formwork for form
    formwork for form

    Prepare the formwork for the mold

  2. Using a level, be sure to check whether the sides and fasteners are even.
  3. Prepare a base with a picture. The material for it can be products made of clay, plasticine, concrete or plaster.
  4. Before pouring the plastic, grease the base with a wax-based adhesive and, after drying, place it in the formwork.

    factory plastic molds
    factory plastic molds

    You can borrow ideas for design design from ready-made plastic forms.

  5. Melt the plastic in a suitable container. Pour it into the prepared mold, spreading it evenly over its entire surface.

    pouring plastic into a mold
    pouring plastic into a mold

    Pour melted plastic into the mold

  6. Wait until the plastic is completely dry. This will take about 50 minutes.

Now you can carefully separate the finished form from the sample.

plastic mat as shape
plastic mat as shape

Remember, finding a great off-the-shelf sample is much less expensive than melting plastic at home.

Video: making a plastic base for tiles

Silicone molds

Working with silicone is quite simple, but it requires attention and accuracy.

Silicone contains 3 components: base, hardener and catalyst. When measuring them for the preparation of the mixture, observe the proportions exactly

  1. Craft a container matrix. For this, any rigid material is suitable (the same wooden formwork, for example), or even a ready-made container of a suitable size. If necessary, fasten the parts of the container so that there are no gaps.
  2. Take a non-hardening sculptural plasticine or still soft gypsum, lay it evenly on the bottom of the container or formwork.
  3. Fix the base with the pattern on the plasticine or distribute the details (stones, branches, etc.), slightly pressing in. Press it down so that the pattern is evenly printed. Remove the base elements and spread the plasticine surface with fat or oil.

    mold base models
    mold base models

    Use patterned basics for original shapes

  4. Mix the silicone from the components according to the instructions. Pour the mixture gently into the mold. It is advisable to pour in a thin stream so that bubbles do not form in the process.
  5. Wait for the mass to dry. It will take about a day. After that, you can carefully remove the form from the container.

    silicone molds for tiles
    silicone molds for tiles

    Ready-made silicone molds for paving slabs

Video: making a silicone mold for tiles

Metal frame

Making a mold for a metal tile with your own hands is also quite possible. However, this is not as popular because the process requires forming metal blanks and then using a welder to join the parts together. Nevertheless, the principle of operation itself is quite simple, and if you have all the necessary materials, a suitable place to work (preferably outdoors) and are not afraid of difficulties, then perhaps this option will appeal to you.

Video: DIY metal frame for paving slabs

As you can see, making molds for paving slabs is not only simple, but also promising. You can do all the work on the arrangement of your site yourself: from design development and form creation to laying tiles. And over time, you may even make business in this lesson. If you have any questions about this topic, please ask them in the comments. Good luck!

Popular by topic