Table of contents:
- Solid wood doors: types and features of operation
- Solid wood doors
- Solid wood designs
- Manufacturing of wooden doors
- Features of door installation
- How to repair solid wood doors
Video: Solid Wood Doors: Varieties, Device, Components, Installation And Operation Features
Solid wood doors: types and features of operation
Different types of wood are used to create doors with a number of properties and a spectacular appearance. Such products are presented in a wide variety and require correct selection, precise installation and competent care during operation.
- 1 Arrangement of solid wood doors
2 Solid wood designs
- 2.1 Classification of doors by material of manufacture
- 2.2 Types of door structures
- 2.3 Photo gallery: solid wood door options
3 Manufacturing of wooden doors
- 3.1 Materials and tools
- 3.2 Stages of work
- 3.3 Video: making a wooden door
4 Features of door installation
4.1 Video: installing interior doors
- 5 How to repair solid wood doors
- 6 Reviews
Solid wood doors
Doors made of natural wood of different species are diverse and have a respectable appearance. They can be made of laminated veneer lumber or solid wood. In the first case, products are made from wooden fragments glued together under pressure. In this case, residual materials, bars of different sizes are used. The elements are glued into a canvas, which, after drying, is leveled and further processed. The quality and strength of such structures depends on the starting material, the glue used, and the care taken.
Doors made of glued solid wood after painting do not externally differ from doors made of solid timber
Solid wood products are made of wood that is free from defects, cracks and knots. The design uses the maximum number of non-glued parts. Solid wood doors are more durable and reliable than other options. The device of glued or solid models is practically the same and excludes the use of screws when assembling the canvas.
The construction of solid wood doors excludes metal fastening of elements
An array door consists of several elements. It:
- leaf - the main part of the door, which can be deaf or with various decorative inserts;
- platbands - are an element of the door frame design;
- door frame - installed in the opening, and the doors are hung inside it;
- fittings - in the form of a door handle, lock, hinges - makes the structure easy to use;
- threshold - presented in the form of a small plank, attached to the border of the premises, which are separated by the door.
Solid wood designs
Solid wood doors differ in two main parameters: material of manufacture and design features. For the production of such products, wood of different species is used, and many characteristics of the finished doors depend on this, for example, the service life.
Wooden doors go well with solid wood furniture
When choosing any design, you should consider such features as:
- The quality of material and workmanship. There should be no cracks, scratches, abrasions or other defects on the surface of the products, and the glass inserts should be securely fixed.
- The door should be easy to close / open without touching the box. Otherwise, the canvas will quickly rub and lose its appearance.
- Paintwork is the main protection for wood. The absence of chips and the uniformity of the coloring of the canvas indicate the quality of the products.
- The convenience of its operation depends on which side the door opens.
- The dimensions of the product must correspond to the opening or convenient use of the structure.
- Color and decor are selected depending on the overall interior and the shade of the furniture in the room.
Classification of doors by material of manufacture
There are several main types of wood that are used for the manufacture of doors, furniture, and interior items. Each type has special properties, on which both the cost of finished products and their operation depend.
Each type of wood has a specific pattern and shade.
Manufacturers make doors from solid wood of the following species:
Pine is an affordable and practical material. Products made from it have a low cost, are characterized by easy and long-term operation. The material is easily processed, but it can release resin if the production technology is not followed. Pine timber structures can be repaired and refurbished, extending the life of old products.
Pine doors without staining have a light tone, but the use of paints and varnishes is possible
Alder is valued for its strength, moreover, after processing, doors made of such wood acquire a pattern similar to marble patterns. Products are resistant to moisture, have a burgundy hue after processing, average cost and differ from pine in a more noble and respectable appearance.
Alder doors can be painted in any color
Oak doors can be light beige to brown, as the unpainted material darkens over time. Wood of this type is very durable, the products are resistant to mechanical stress, moisture, do not deform, look solid and are often used for luxury interior projects. The cost of the products is very high, since their service life is more than 30 years. With proper care, these doors only become stronger and more attractive.
Oak doors are the most practical as entrance doors, but they are also installed inside the house.
Larch is minimally susceptible to moisture, and therefore doors made of such material can be installed in a bath, a bathroom, etc. The wood is not prone to the formation of fungus and mold, which makes it easy to care for products. Over time, larch doors do not lose, but only enhance their properties, becoming more solid, durable, and reliable. Larch is easy to process, can be painted in any color, and elements from such wood are simply assembled into the correct structure.
Larch has a light yellowish tint and goes well with other wood species
Ash has the same good characteristics as oak, but has a lower cost. Hardness, strength, moisture resistance, grayish brown tint characterize the natural structure. Ash canvas is resistant to abrasion, as a result of which doors, parquet and furniture are made from this material. There are practically no traces left on the surface from impacts and other mechanical influences.
Paint components enhance the strength and durability of the doors
Aspen doors practically do not change in size with changes in temperature and humidity, have an average cost, do not absorb moisture well, and are easily processed. Aspen canvas is characterized by the fact that it does not emit resin, and also has high strength, has a service life of several decades. The structure of the wood is light and homogeneous.
Aspen has an even light color and dense structure.
Birch is an affordable material and is widely used for making doors and furniture. Finished products have a flat surface, high impact strength, homogeneous structure, moisture resistant, easy to paint. The material is difficult to process due to its high rigidity, but finished doors serve for decades. Birch doors are characterized by practicality and easy maintenance during operation.
Birch doors look elegant and respectable even without staining
Doors, furniture, houses are made of linden. The wood is environmentally friendly, poorly absorbs moisture and dirt, and lends itself well to staining. Carved linden doors are especially effective, as this material is easy to work with. The canvas will not split from impacts, and its homogeneous structure is pleasant to the touch. Linden products are relevant for baths and rooms with high humidity.
Linden doors are durable, easy to handle and repair
Types of door designs
Modern technologies make it possible to process wood in various ways, giving wooden elements any shape and size. In this regard, manufacturers make doors of various designs from the array. Therefore, it is easy for the consumer to choose a product that meets all the necessary requirements and personal preferences. The most popular are the following design options:
Radial doors are arranged on the principle of compartment doors, that is, they move along special rails, but not straight, but laid in the form of a semicircle. Such designs often have frosted or other glass inserts, but they can also be deaf. The products are optimal for corner dressing rooms, as they allow maximum use of space and at the same time avoid right angles.
Solid wood radial doors are practical, durable and respectable in appearance
Paneled doors have inserts of wooden planks, the shape of which can be different. When assembling the door, these elements are installed in the frame on a thorn-groove or using glue. The result is a blind door with an interesting design in the form of curly inserts. Such constructions are reliable, will accentuate any interior and will not require special maintenance. Products can be installed in any room.
The shape of the panels can be different, as well as their location.
Swing doors can be double-leaf or single-leaf. They open inward or outward, are hinged and can be of any design. Wooden doors of this type are popular and easy to use, have a door handle, are installed inside the box, are made of different types of wood and can be decorated with glass, paneled or other inserts.
Double swing doors look luxurious and are suitable for large spaces
Sliding sliding doors are an ideal solution for small spaces, where such an aspect as saving usable space is so important. Such structures can consist of one or more canvases moving along rails along the walls. Sliding doors can be easily opened / closed, they can be blind or with glass inserts, panels or other decor.
Sliding doors divide space efficiently and do not take up useful space
Photo gallery: solid wood door options
Doors with original panels and patterns will well complement the classic interior style
Wooden doors look luxurious in an English-style interior
Door decor can be in a contrasting color
Sliding designs are often fitted with frosted glass inserts
Painting doors allows you to get the desired effect, for example, antique
Deaf sheets provide good sound insulation
Sliding structures do not take up much space
Manufacturing of wooden doors
Self-production of solid wood doors entails the need to purchase special equipment, master the technology and subtleties of wood processing. This is due to the fact that in case of incorrect actions, the door will quickly become unusable, cracks will appear, and the structure will lose its functionality. Therefore, it is best to purchase a finished product or order a door from a manufacturer or a professional master joiner. In this case, the element will meet the required dimensions and requirements, as well as durable and beautiful.
Antique-effect doors create an unusual and stylish ambiance
Materials and tools
If you still need to make wooden doors with your own hands, then you should take care of the availability of such equipment and tools as:
- jigsaw or circular saw;
- manual router for creating grooves;
- sander / grinder with sanding paper;
- screwdriver, electric drill;
- ruler / tape measure, screwdrivers, chisel, square, pencil.
Pre-determine the type of doors, the presence / absence of inserts, the location of the panels.
You can make a drawing of the doors yourself or choose a ready-made version
Doors are made of planed boards with a section of 150x40 mm. The material must have a moisture content of no more than 12%, otherwise raw wood will cause deformation of products during operation. The length of the elements depends on the dimensions of the doors, which are determined by measuring the opening. The latter should be 80–100 mm high and 50–60 mm wider than the finished canvas. The thickness of the door is calculated depending on the size of the opening, and if the latter is wider than the box, then additional elements are installed, and then the platbands.
Door parameters are determined depending on the opening
For work, you will need PVA carpentry glue, dowels or confirmations, solid wood for panels. In building goods stores, you can buy ready-made planed boards of optimal humidity, elements for panels, special carpentry glue, paints and varnishes for processing wooden products.
Stages of work
The technology for manufacturing a door from natural wood depends on the type of construction. The general steps involve the following actions:
Boards need to be cut into pieces of measured length, grind wide parts and chamfer with a router. Next, cut a groove 20 mm deep and 16 mm wide. The groove should be located along the entire length of the board and clearly in the middle.
The groove should run along the entire length of the vertical boards of the structure
To connect the end boards, their ends should be cut at an angle of 45 °. Details are applied and adjusted to the location. Panels of the required dimensions are made of wood. The preliminary assembly of the door structure is in progress. If possible deviations are identified, the shortcomings must be corrected before the final assembly of the doors.
During final assembly, all parts are fixed as carefully as possible.
After checking all the parameters of the resulting door structure, the product is finally assembled at confirmations. Previously, all the joints are coated with wood glue. Install fittings.
The dimensions of the door frame depend on the parameters of the door
- The door frame should be deeper than the door. When making a box, it is important to take into account the opening side of the canvas, the location of the lock and hinges.
Video: making a wooden door
Features of door installation
The ease of use of the door depends on the correct installation. Therefore, it is worth first aligning and preparing the opening for the installation of the structure. The walls should not have rough irregularities, obvious depressions. Small gaps formed after the installation of the box can be easily eliminated with polyurethane foam. The main stages of door installation are as follows:
- The assembled door frame is placed level in the prepared opening, fixing with screws on the sides and top.
- The hinges are placed on the box using self-tapping screws and a screwdriver.
- The door leaf is hung on the hinges, the ease of movement of the door is checked. If necessary, tighten or loosen the loops.
- The gaps between the box and the wall are sealed with foam, the platbands are attached to thin nails.
When installing double-leaf doors, it is important to control the evenness of each half of the structure
Video: installing interior doors
How to repair solid wood doors
As a result of intensive use, various defects may appear on wooden doors. Often they can be eliminated on their own, thereby extending the service life and restoring the appearance of the canvas. The most common cases are:
- scratches, small chips of paintwork can be removed with furniture wax and a special furniture marker or corrector;
- if the door touches the box when closing, then tighten the hinge screws;
- the broken door handle or lock is carefully removed and a new device is mounted in their place;
- gaps between the door and the box can be easily eliminated by gluing a special thin seal;
- large cracks that do not affect the operation of the door can be repaired with wood putty and painted over with varnish.
Solid wood entrance doors are in need of restoration more often than interior doors
Doors made of natural wood are spectacular, environmentally friendly and beautiful, but they need proper installation and maintenance. High quality workmanship will ensure the integrity of the structure for many years.
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