Table of contents:

Early Varieties Of Sweet Peppers With Descriptions, Characteristics And Reviews, As Well As Features Of Their Cultivation
Early Varieties Of Sweet Peppers With Descriptions, Characteristics And Reviews, As Well As Features Of Their Cultivation

Video: Early Varieties Of Sweet Peppers With Descriptions, Characteristics And Reviews, As Well As Features Of Their Cultivation

Video: How to Cut A Bell Pepper | Gordon Ramsay 2022, December
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Sweet peppers: an overview of early cultivars for greenhouses and open field

Ultra early varieties of sweet peppers
Ultra early varieties of sweet peppers

Pepper is an irreplaceable ingredient in fresh salads, side dishes, gravy and preparations for future use. Although this is a vegetable with its own whims and cultivation characteristics, every gardener should try to plant it in a summer cottage at least once. First of all, you need to start with early varieties, the harvest will be provided even in regions with an unstable climate.

Content

  • 1 Varieties of early sweet peppers with description and characteristics

    • 1.1 Super early varieties of sweet peppers

      1.1.1 Table: Other ultra-early sweet peppers

    • 1.2 What early maturing pepper to choose for open ground

      1.2.1 Table: varieties of early peppers for open ground

    • 1.3 The best cultivars suitable for greenhouse cultivation

      • 1.3.1 Table: Early maturing pepper varieties that bear fruit best in greenhouses
      • 1.3.2 Video: the earliest and super-yielding peppers for greenhouses
    • 1.4 Early thick-walled varieties and hybrids of sweet peppers

      • 1.4.1 Table: varieties of thick-walled sweet peppers that ripen earlier than other cultivars
      • 1.4.2 Table: varieties of early peppers approved by the State Sort Commission of the Russian Federation in 2018
    • 1.5 Pepper varieties for regions

      • 1.5.1 What early maturing varieties are advised by summer residents of North-West Russia
      • 1.5.2 Video: which early sweet pepper varieties to choose for the North-West of Russia
      • 1.5.3 Choice of gardeners in Central Russia
      • 1.5.4 Video: the best varieties of pepper cultivated in the Central Federal District
      • 1.5.5 Varieties of early peppers for the southern regions of our country
      • 1.5.6 What kind of pepper is grown by summer residents in the harsh climate of Siberia and the Far East
  • 2 Features of growing early varieties of sweet peppers

    • 2.1 How to grow healthy pepper seedlings
    • 2.2 We transplant pepper to the beds
  • 3 How to care for early sweet peppers

    3.1 Video: mistakes that should not be repeated when growing bell peppers

  • 4 Reviews

Early sweet pepper varieties with description and characteristics

Bell pepper (Bulgarian) is a popular vegetable crop grown by both summer residents and farms. The plant bears fruit successfully in open ground and in greenhouses in almost all regions of our country, subject to the choice of early and mid-early varieties. Many cultivars are noted for their high tolerance to low temperatures, despite the fact that pepper is a thermophilic culture, sensitive to sudden cold snaps.

Large-fruited sweet pepper
Large-fruited sweet pepper

Modern ultra-early ripening pepper varieties are famous for their large-fruited and disease resistance

When choosing pepper seeds, they are guided not only by the appearance of the fruit, but also by other important characteristics:

  • Peppers are divided according to the ripening period into early, mid-early, mid-season and late. It is best to grow varieties whose fruiting periods differ from each other, then fresh peppers from their beds will be right up to frost. Taking into account the climatic features of remote regions of our country, it is recommended to select first of all early-maturing varieties, the ripening period of which is 90-100 days.
  • Since some varieties need an enhanced light regime, others are poorly adapted to cool weather and drought, varieties intended for growing under a film cover are singled out into a separate group. More resistant to weather anomalies, peppers grow and bear fruit wonderfully outdoors.
  • There are tall varieties - 90-120 cm, medium-sized - up to 80 cm, undersized - up to 60 cm - the so-called ratunda pepper (formed in the form of a compact bush and is unpretentious, in terms of fruiting times it is often referred to as mid-season cultivars).
Sweet peppers of different varieties
Sweet peppers of different varieties

Regardless of the shape and color of the peel, the pulp of different varieties of peppers does not differ much in taste.

When choosing peppers, you should also remember that the color saturation of the peel indicated by the manufacturer will vary depending on the degree of ripeness of the fruit.

The ideal option is to choose high-yielding zoned hybrids of an early ripening period and purchase planting material only from trusted sellers. More than 500 varieties are presented in the State Register of Breeding Achievements, among them almost half are early maturing. Below is a description of cultivars, the yield of which is not lower than 4–4.5 kg / m 2.

Super early varieties of sweet peppers

The very first early ripening varieties of pepper are ready for picking within 85–90 days from the moment of planting.

The ultra-early varieties include Zhupsky early for open ground, which begins to ripen 90 days after sowing. The height of the bush is no more than 60 cm. The cultivar is valued for its resistance to many diseases and versatility of use. The variety has a delicate taste, suitable for fresh salads and appetizers. It is possible to collect up to 9 kg of selected fruits from 1 m 2.

Early Zhupsky pepper
Early Zhupsky pepper

Early ripening Zhupsky early is the first of the peppers to delight with its harvest, its cone-shaped fruit with a bright red peel at full maturity is capable of gaining 100-120 g

Dobryak - the earliest (according to the State Register) of sweet peppers, fully ripens on the 95th day, and you can eat it for the first time in 70-75 days from the moment the first shoots appeared. In addition, it is a thick-walled hybrid: 9-10 mm - the thickness of the fruit wall, weight - 110 g. The cultivar is resistant to top rot and bears fruit well, according to official data, it can give up to 12.5 kg / m 2 per season.

Pepper Kind
Pepper Kind

Red round peppers of the Dobryak variety densely cover the bush

Pinocchio F1 - the best pepper for indoor ground with a ripening period of 88 days from the date of sowing. It has a high yield (14 kg / m 2). The average weight of pepper is 115 g. Spreading bush, about 55-60 cm high, the plant does not require formation, is distinguished by persistent immunity, but sometimes suffers from apical rot of the fruit.

Pepper Buratino F1
Pepper Buratino F1

Buratino F1 variety is not very noticeable, its elongated thin-walled fruits (4 mm) remain dark green even when ripe, but they perfectly emphasize the taste of first courses and sauces for side dishes

An early bird - feels good both in the beds and in greenhouses, it begins to bear fruit in 90 days after planting. With a low yield - 4 kg / m 2 - bears fruit until the last summer days in the middle lane and is able to painlessly tolerate drought and damp weather. On average, glossy cone-shaped fruits slightly flattened on top gain 110 g, have a rich crimson color.

Pepper early bird
Pepper early bird

Pepper Early bird with appetizing ruddy sides is grown for salads and for preparing snacks for the winter, the thickness of the walls of its pulp is about 5 mm

A novelty of the outgoing year - Chocolate handsome. A vigorous, spreading bush is capable of producing up to 8 kg / m 2 of selected brownish cylindrical fruits (weight 100-130 g) per season. The thickness of the walls of the pulp is almost 7 mm, which means that the pepper is perfect for snacks, dressings and even stuffing. The chocolate beauty is versatile in use and perfectly adapts to any climate conditions.

Pepper Chocolate handsome
Pepper Chocolate handsome

The first fruits of the Chocolate Handsome variety ripen approximately 95 days after sowing, the variety is distinguished by a friendly return of the harvest and almost does not suffer from top rot

Table: other ultra-early sweet peppers

Variety name Fruit shape and color Weight, g Wall thickness, mm Productivity, kg / m 2 Growing conditions:

open ground - OG, greenhouse - T

Nikitich Prismatic, red. 90 5 4 OG
Health Red, elongated. 60 4 5-7 T
Cardinal F1 Cuboid, purple. 250-280 8-10 6 OG
Ruza F1 Conical, red. 35-50 4-5.5 5-13 T
Fidelio F1 Cuboid, light yellow. 180 7-8 4-6 T
Jubilee Semko F1 Prismatic, red. 130 5-6 6, 11 T, OG
Candy F1 Flat round, bright red. 40-50 6-7 4 T
Snowball F1 Conical, bright red. 60-100 5 11, 5 T, OG
Bullfinch F1 Rounded, red. 75-120 7.5 13 T
Oriole Heart-shaped, with a sharp top, yellow. 64-85 4-7 6-14 T
Golden Rain Lemon yellow, with a concave top. 50-60 7 4-6 OG
cabin boy Conical, red. 180 7 6.5 OG
Tosha Elongated, dark scarlet. 70 6 ten T, OG
Orange Wonder F1 Cuboid, orange. 210 nine ten OG, T
Nagano F1 Cuboid, red. 160 8 14 T
Pepper Golden rain
Pepper Golden rain

Medium-sized bushes of the Golden Rain pepper variety look like appetizing fruits, medium-sized fruits with a wide base are convenient to stuff

Which early ripening pepper to choose for open ground

For 30 years, the prolific Topolin with compact bushes (55–65 cm) has been pleasing the gardeners of our country with bright red fruits with a sharp tip, they weigh almost 90 g, the thickness of the walls of the pulp is from 4 to 5.5 mm. The excellent taste of the Topolin variety, excellent immunity to black mold and bacterial wilting of peppers makes summer residents fall in love with an early-maturing cultivar in absentia. The first crop can be taken in 103-110 days after planting.

Pepper Topolin
Pepper Topolin

The yield of the Topolin pepper variety is 5.5 kg per square meter, in technical ripeness it can be stored for up to 3 weeks

Belogor F1 with cuboid, highly glossy bright red in technical ripeness and dark scarlet fruits - in the biological one, summer residents of the middle zone, North-West and Transbaikalia will definitely like it. The variety is resistant to low temperatures, versatile in use. The average weight of the peppers is almost 130 g, the wall thickness is 6 mm. It is noted that Belogor F1 practically does not suffer from apical rot.

Pepper Belogor F1
Pepper Belogor F1

The large-fruited hybrid Belogor F1 with crispy dense pulp has an excellent presentation and is well stored, the marketability of fruits does not decrease during transportation

The eaglet is removed for testing 93 days after the first shoots appear. Prismatic red-coral fruits with a fleshy center (pulp thickness 5–6 mm) do not exceed 100 g, suitable for stuffing, preservation and preparation of snacks. In hot summers with abundant rains, summer residents achieve excellent productivity in the open field - almost 9.5 kg / m 2.

Pepper Eaglet
Pepper Eaglet

The eaglet has a delicate skin, it is responsive to watering, rarely gets sick and is distinguished by abundant formation of fruits

Table: varieties of early peppers for open ground

Variety name Fruit shape and color Weight, g Wall thickness, mm Productivity, kg / m 2 Plant height
Abigal F1 Narrow conical, red. 65-100 5.5 4-6 45-60 cm
Andreyka Yellowish red, elongated. 140 5-6 4.2 up to 1 meter
Belladonna F1 Cuboid, light yellow. 120-140 5-7 4.5 up to 45 cm
Czardas Conical, with a spout, orange. 170-220 6 8 70 cm
Santa Claus Cylindrical, dark red. 100-120 6-7 8.2 50-60 cm
Alexy Light red, elongated. 180-200 5-7 4.5-7 60-80 cm
Golden pyramid Conical, yellow. 102 6-8 6,7 up to 70 cm
Romeo F1 Dark yellow, cylindrical. 90 6 ten 60-70 cm
Aristocrat Dark red, elongated. 80 7-8 4 90-110 cm
Yellow bouquet Cylindrical, yellow. 150 7.5-8 6 about 65-70 cm
Annushka Dark red, prismatic. 110 5 7 up to 80 cm
Sun Flat round, orange. 85 5 8 60 cm
Hussar F1 Red, prismatic. 80–90 5-6 4.9 65-70 cm
F1 white filling Conical, red. 140 7 6,7 up to 45 cm
Apollo F1 Conical, red. 80 6 7 50-60 cm
Znayka Heart-shaped, red. 260 ten 6,7 1.5m high
Big jackpot Cylindrical, red. 200-250 7-8 6.9 75 cm
Galatea Slightly ribbed, elongated, dark orange. 130-150 6 6.6 75-80 cm
Vityaz F1 Cone-shaped, dark red. 100-120 8 7.2 60-70 cm
Garland Narrow conical, red. 150 7 7.3 90 cm
Honey King F1 Cylindrical, yellow. 180 7.5 6,7 60-80 cm
Prodigy Blunt-conical, orange. 220-330 6 5.6 50-75 cm
Gromozeka F1 Square, brown-orange. 250 7-8 9.1 65-70 cm
Little Red Riding Hood Dark red, cuboid. 200 7 9.5 about 50 cm
Daria Conical, red. 96 5 7 up to 50 cm
Emperor F1 Conical, red. 150 6-8 4.5 60 cm
Zlatozar Elongated, yellow. 80 6 5 more than 1 m
Kazachok Red, tapered. 110 7 4.7 40 cm
Corvette Elongated, dark red. 120 7.5 4.6 55-60 cm
Mascot Elongated, burgundy. 170 8 5.6 60-80 cm
Siberian prince Conical, red. 80–95 5-6 ten 90-130 cm
Pepper Gromozeka F1
Pepper Gromozeka F1

An unimaginable multitude of early ripening varieties of peppers hides fruits of the most incredible shapes and shades, for example, pepper with the interesting name Gromozeka F1

The best cultivars suitable for greenhouse cultivation

Red-fruited medium-sized (50 cm) Agapovsky with compact bushes in a temperate continental climate ripens at the end of June (99–120 days before technical ripeness). The wall thickness is no more than 6 mm, while the average weight of ripe fruits is about 110 g. The variety is resistant to tobacco mosaic.

Agapovsky pepper
Agapovsky pepper

The average yield of Agapovsky pepper reaches 10 kg per square meter, it is perfect for making lecho and dressing for borsch

Greenhouse Bendigo F1 with 100-gram fruits is grown not only by summer residents, but also by farmers on an industrial scale, since the yield of the cultivar reaches 10-15 kg / m 2. The fruits are cuboid, dark red, slightly flattened and concave in the middle, perfect for baking, stews and freezing. The cultivar is cold-resistant and tolerant to the tobacco mosaic virus.

Pepper Bendigo F1
Pepper Bendigo F1

Bendigo F1 is loved for its incredible yield and the unique taste of delicate pulp

The technical ripeness of the Krepysh variety begins on the 103rd day after full germination. The red-orange variation of the color of the pointed peppers sticking up on the bushes is most common for this cultivar, but it is quite sweet and juicy at the stage of dyeing the peel yellow. Fully ripe fruits gain 70–75 g each, the wall thickness does not exceed 6 mm. The maximum yield is about 4.2 kg / m 2. The variety is susceptible to verticillary wilt.

Pepper Krepysh
Pepper Krepysh

By the content of ascorbic acid, Krepysh pepper is 2 times higher than other early maturing varieties

Table: varieties of early maturing peppers that bear fruit best in greenhouses

Variety name Fruit shape and color Weight, g Wall thickness, mm Productivity, kg / m 2 Plant height
Yarik Conical, yellowish. 45-50 4 6.5 up to 80 cm
Sorcerer Flat-round, ribbed, red. 160 7 7-12 up to 90 cm
Swallow Oval, light green. 53-79 5.5 4.7 60-70 cm
Snow White Conical, red, with a blunt apex. 80–94 7 up to 7 50 cm
Gemini F1 Cylindrical, yellow. 80–206 5.5-7 4-5 55-60 cm
Adept F1 Cuboid, bright orange. 110 6 5.9 55 cm
Bagration Flat round, yellow. 150-200 7-8 5.7 60 cm
Amber Conical, orange. 90-110 6.5 4-7 up to 1 m
Vaudeville Prismatic, red. 230-300 6-7 7.2 1.2-1.5 m
Hannibal Prismatic, brown. 140 5 9.1 80 cm
Chrysolite F1 Conical, red. 150 5 12 more than 1 m
Antiquary Red, ribbed, prismatic. 220-280 5-7 8.3 up to 2 m
Wonder Giant F1 Narrow conical, dark red. 180 6-7 7.8 1.2-1.4 m
Funtik Conical, red. 190 7 6,7 up to 60 cm
California miracle Cuboid, red. 120 5-8 4-7 60-70 cm
Smile Conical, red. 230 7 6.2 1.3 m
Pace F1 Prismatic, red. 160 6-7 8.6 60-75 cm

Video: the earliest and super-yielding peppers for greenhouses

Early thick-walled sweet pepper varieties and hybrids

The early miracle F1 is indispensable for stuffing and fresh summer salads, the thickness of the flesh wall is 10-11 mm. Elongated carmine-red fruits can grow up to 250 g, with an average yield of a cultivar of 14 kg / m 2. High - up to 1.2 m - the plant grows well both in the beds and in indoor greenhouses, but it must be formed and tied up.

Pepper Early Miracle F1
Pepper Early Miracle F1

The early miracle of F1 is attributed to salad hybrids, it almost does not get sick with top rot and easily tolerates drought

Gingerbread man is a variety that many gardeners fell in love with 30 years ago. On a compact bush (30 cm), round, dense, at the same time juicy fruits with a pulp thickness of up to 10–12 mm are formed. Over the decades, summer residents have become convinced that Kolobok is rarely affected by anthracnose and apical rot.

Pepper Kolobok
Pepper Kolobok

The gingerbread man is a real thick-walled pepper, for preservation and salads it has no equal, it gives unprecedented harvests (up to 7-9 kg per square meter) in the open field

On closed, medium-sized bushes of the Alkmaar F1 hybrid, prismatic dark-red fruits weighing up to 270-300 g grow. The thickness of the fruit wall can exceed 10 mm. The variety is plastic and easily adapts to the conditions of a harsh climate, heat-resistant, well-kept, immune to diseases of vegetable crops.

Pepper Alkmaar F1
Pepper Alkmaar F1

Pepper Alkmaar F1 is a thick-walled red-sided hybrid of universal purpose, the yield of which under film shelters reaches 10 kg per square meter, in the beds - 2-4 kg less

Table: varieties of thick-walled sweet peppers that ripen earlier than other cultivars

Variety name Fruit shape and color Weight, g Wall thickness, mm Productivity, kg / m 2 Growing conditions:

greenhouse - T, open crimp - OG

Chord Trapezoidal, red. 190 7-8 7 T
Alesya Prismatic, dark red. 160-180 8-9 8.5 T, OG
White Night Conical, yellow. 130 nine 10, 8 T, OG
Jack Elongated, dark orange. 164 8-9 6,3 T, OG
Golden barrel Cuboid, dark yellow. 170-200 8-9 8.5 OG
Aramis F1 Prismatic, ribbed, deep red. 230 8-9 7.8 T, OG
Carat Dark red with a violet tint, prismatic. 70 8 4.9 T, OG
Golden swallow Heart-shaped, yellow. 130 nine 5.6 OG
F1 Attack Bright red, cuboid. 140-160 ten 3.8 T
Budulay F1 Square, brown. 250 nine 8.8 T, OG
Knyazhich F1 Cylindrical, yellowish red. 210 8-9 6.9 OG
Aphrodite Prismatic, dark yellow. 210 ten 7,7 T, OG
Fat Baron Cone-shaped, dark red. 160 10-11 3 T
Sudarushka Flat-round, red. 80 ten 8.7 T
Ruby necklace Round, red. 80–95 8.5-9 8.6 T, OG
Pepper Jack
Pepper Jack

Pepper Jack with a delicious glossy skin and juicy pulp similar to an orange

Separately, we can note the varietal novelties of pepper, this is especially true for those who love fruits of an unusual shape and color and annually replenish the stock of seeds, taking into account the latest achievements of breeding.

Table: varieties of early peppers approved by the State Sort Commission of the Russian Federation in 2018

Variety name Fruit shape and color Weight, g Wall thickness, mm Productivity, kg / m 2 Growing conditions: greenhouse - T;

open ground - exhaust gas

Yekla F1 Cuboid, bright red. 250-300 8 4.5 T, OG
Quickly F1 Prismatic, red. 120 7 8.6 T, OG
Edros F1 Narrow conical, light red. 140 7 6.4 T, OG
Ruby gourmet Conical, red. 40-50 5.5 5 T
Lumos F1 Cuboid, yellow. 200 4-5 4.5 T
Mystic Square, brownish red. one hundred ten 6.8 T, OG
Heavyweight Cuboid, dark yellow. 200 ten 8.5 T, OG
Silver Star F1 Red, cuboid, finely ribbed. 170 5 6,7 OG
Red-headed cat Rectangular orange. 160 nine 7.8 T, OG
Fantastic F1 Cuboid, yellow. 200 6 5.7 T
Cheerful neighbor Cylindrical, yellow. 106 5-8 4 T
Hellas Conical, light red. 140 6 6 T, OG
Ferrari F1 Cuboid, red. 130-160 5 7.6 T
Golden Ataman F1 Cuboid, orange. 200 7 5.5 T, OG
Pepper Mystic
Pepper Mystic

Thick-walled Mystic pepper in full maturity has a very rich brownish-burgundy hue of the peel

Pepper varieties for regions

More than half of the early-maturing varieties allowed for use can be grown anywhere, while most of the cultivars in the above sample successfully bear fruit both in closed film greenhouses and in open beds.

What early maturing varieties are advised by summer residents of the North-West of Russia

Some of the best in terms of yield and resistance to low temperatures are:

  • Agapovsky,
  • Belogorets F1,
  • Pinocchio,
  • Ruza F1,
  • Sibiryak F1,
  • Snowball F1.

Most adapted to cool, damp summers:

  • Swallow,
  • Strong man,
  • Romeo F1.

Video: which early sweet pepper varieties to choose for the North-West of Russia

Choice of gardeners in Central Russia

Summer residents of the Central Chernozem and Volga regions claim that the best early peppers are:

  • Bendigo F1,
  • Blondie F1,
  • Winnie the Pooh,
  • Nikitich,
  • Zolotinka F1,
  • Sorcerer,
  • Nagano F1,
  • Ruza F1,
  • Chrysolite F1.

Some of the presented cultivars are distinguished by a high return and bear fruit until the September cold weather.

Video: the best varieties of peppers cultivated in the Central Federal District

Early pepper varieties for the southern regions of our country

Excellent students of the southern climate:

  • Arsenal,
  • Barbie F1,
  • Thanks,
  • Corvette,
  • Slavutich,
  • Topolin.

The incomparable taste in lecho, borsch dressings and summer salads does not allow the gardeners of the Krasnodar Territory and the Caucasus to abandon these cultivars in favor of new products suitable for a warm climate.

Pepper harvest
Pepper harvest

The hot climate is favorable for the cultivation of bell peppers; in the south, the earliest harvests of early ripening varieties of this vegetable crop are obtained.

What kind of pepper is grown by summer residents in the harsh climate of Siberia and the Far East

The northern region prefers varieties of such early maturing peppers as:

  • Valentine card,
  • Viking,
  • Oriole,
  • Alkmaar F1,
  • Strong man,
  • Merchant,
  • Romeo F1,
  • Siberian prince,
  • Sudarushka.

They are ideal for growing in unpredictable climates, do not reduce yields in the open field during a sudden cold snap in June.

Features of growing early varieties of sweet peppers

This thermophilic crop is traditionally grown through seedlings. The process begins in the last decade of February, if in the future it is planned to plant peppers in open ground, or in mid-February when transplanting seedlings into a heated greenhouse. This is due to the fact that pepper seeds germinate for at least 1.5–2 weeks. Before planting, to stimulate vegetative processes, it is recommended to soak the seeds of peppers in a saline solution (5 g per 1 liter of warm water) for 2-3 hours.

Preparing pepper seeds for planting
Preparing pepper seeds for planting

The pepper seeds are left on a damp cotton surface (cloth, gauze, cotton pad), after 24-48 hours the seeds are ready for planting

How to grow healthy pepper seedlings

Pepper seeds are planted in cups filled with 2/3 of a special soil mixture for seedlings or prepared soil from their own plot, mixed with humus and river sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 2:

  1. The seeds are lowered into the substrate to a depth of 1.5–2 cm, sprinkled and not tamped.
  2. The soil surface is slightly moistened and covered with glass, which will remain until the first "hairs" - sprouts appear.
  3. Crops are left in a room where the temperature is kept not lower than 20 on S.
  4. Provides indirect sunlight or intermittent daytime lighting.
Young seedlings of sweet pepper
Young seedlings of sweet pepper

As young peppers grow up, liquid mineral fertilizing is introduced into the soil 1 time in 10 days (according to the instructions), this allows young shoots to get stronger and maintains immunity

The plantings are periodically slightly irrigated with warm water and slightly loosened the surface of the soil with a thin stick.

Pepper seedlings ready for picking
Pepper seedlings ready for picking

Seedlings grown in a large container dive at the stage of 2-4 leaves

We transplant pepper to the beds

After 50 days, when the seedlings form 8 to 10 leaves, they begin to harden. To do this, crops are taken out on the balcony or placed at a slightly open window (avoiding a direct draft). Around the third week of May, when the night temperature does not drop below 10 on, young peppers are transplanted to a permanent place.

If the seedlings are in the greenhouse, during a cold snap, on the advice of experienced gardeners, we bring buckets of boiling water into the greenhouse, or put hot bricks heated over a fire on metal sheets.

Pepper planting algorithm:

  1. Shallow holes (15–20 cm) are prepared, placing them at a distance of 30–40 cm from each other.
  2. Each is filled with a handful of humus and one spoonful of wood ash.
  3. Then the hole is watered with warm water - 2–3 liters per root and the plant is lowered into it.

    We transplant pepper seedlings into the holes
    We transplant pepper seedlings into the holes

    Pepper shoots are carefully lowered into the hole (leaving the cotyledons 1.5-2 cm from the ground) and sprinkled with loose soil, slightly compacting the surface

  4. The most important point for early peppers after transplanting is regular watering.

    Watering young peppers
    Watering young peppers

    Seedlings are watered for the first 2 weeks every other day

How to care for early sweet peppers

Further care for this vegetable crop will not complicate even a beginner. Peppers require:

  • Abundant watering with warm, settled water.

    Watering the pepper
    Watering the pepper

    It is advisable to irrigate pepper bushes at the root (as the soil dries up) at the rate of 4-6 liters per adult plant

  • Periodic loosening (shallow, as the pepper has superficial roots) to prevent crusting, and hilling.
  • Removal of weeds in the hole and in the aisles.
  • Tying tall varieties to a support.

    Pepper bush formed and tied to a support
    Pepper bush formed and tied to a support

    Peppers are tied up when the bushes are formed (if necessary), and the fruits are tied and ripen

  • Not less than 3-4 dressings during the growing season. 2 weeks after planting, mineral fertilizers are applied (superphosphate, urea - 20 g per 10 liters of water). During flowering, every 10-15 days, they are fed with organic matter under the root (1 kg of chicken manure or 2 kg of manure per 10 liters of water, ash (0.5-1 liters) and herbal infusions are added) and sprayed with growth stimulants (Epin, Ovary) to avoid dropping flowers and ovaries.

    Feeding peppers with organic matter
    Feeding peppers with organic matter

    At the time of fruiting, the pepper is fertilized with herbal "talker" and boric acid (5 g per 10 l of water)

  • Preventive treatments, as early ripe peppers can get sick during the June thunderstorms or cold snaps.

    Complex fungicide for pepper
    Complex fungicide for pepper

    So that the pepper does not reduce yields, it is recommended to remove diseased plants from the garden in a timely manner and treat with fungicides before fruiting

Ultra-early ripeners, regardless of their height, practically do not require formation. Entering early into fruiting, they are sensitive to fertilizing of any kind, which can prolong flowering and fruit setting. And also experts suggest that the first shoots that form just below the branching of the central stem are removed from such cultivars.

Pepper picking to speed up fruiting
Pepper picking to speed up fruiting

At the end of the season, the flowers, ovaries and small fruits of the pepper, which did not have time to ripen, are also removed, then the bushes are well loosened at the base, it is believed that this accelerates the process of fruit formation

Video: mistakes that should not be repeated when growing bell peppers

Reviews

If you can't imagine a table without sweet pepper, then this irreplaceable vegetable will certainly settle on your site. Choose early ripe varieties, then you can enjoy salads and gravy with peppers until the end of summer, starting at the end of June. And thick-walled peppers are considered the most delicious for fresh snacks, if they are grown correctly, the pulp will be tender, moderately sweet and pleasant to the taste - do not deny yourself the pleasure!

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