Table of contents:
- Clery's garden strawberries: tips for growing
- What is the difference between strawberries and strawberries?
- Brief history of the variety
- Description of the strawberry variety Clery
- Planting and leaving
- Diseases and pests
- Harvesting and storage
- Reviews of gardeners about the variety
Video: All About Clery's Garden Strawberry - Variety Description, Planting, Care And Other Nuances + Photo
Clery's garden strawberries: tips for growing
One of the first berries that ripens in garden plots, beckoning with red spots flickering through curly greenery, is strawberry - as we used to call it. And her garden cousin, the Clery strawberry variety, is capable of ripening even earlier and delighting with incredibly sweet berries already in June.
1 What is the difference between strawberries and strawberries?
1.1 Photo gallery: how to distinguish strawberries from garden strawberries?
- 2 Brief history of the variety
3 Description of the strawberry variety Clery
- 3.1 Advantages and disadvantages
- 3.2 Table: the merits and demerits of culture
- 3.3 Video: characteristics of the Clery variety
4 Planting and care
- 4.1 Maintenance and care
- 4.2 Site and soil selection
- 4.3 Scheme and time of boarding
- 4.4 Video: Clary cassette seedlings
4.5 Watering and feeding garden strawberries
4.5.1 Table: Top dressing for garden strawberries
- 5.1 Features of mustache breeding
- 5.2 Dividing the bush
6 Diseases and pests
- 6.1 Table: pests and methods of control
- 6.2 Pests of garden strawberries in the photo
- 7 Harvesting and storage
- 8 Reviews of gardeners about the variety
What is the difference between strawberries and strawberries?
There is really a big difference between the two cultures, even though they belong to the same genus and family. Strawberries are characterized by light green leaves with a highly corrugated surface. Peduncles are high, above the bush. Buds on one plant form only one sex. Garden strawberries, on the other hand, form flowers in one bush, most of which are heterosexual, and such crops are called self-fertile.
From a botanical point of view, strawberries are a type of nutmeg strawberry that gets its name from the shape of the berries. Strawberry fruits are smaller than garden strawberries, but much larger than wild strawberries.
Photo gallery: how to distinguish strawberries from garden strawberries?
The fruits of the garden strawberry are large and fragrant
Wild strawberry berries have an elongated shape
Brief history of the variety
They began to cultivate strawberries in the garden only about three hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, it was considered a symbol of a certain delight, and doctors treated a sore throat and kidneys with berries.
In Europe, garden strawberries were planted in parks and gardens, growing them as a wild and ornamental plant, and only at the turn of the 14th and 15th centuries did they receive cultural status. However, the berry was not popular. It was sweet and aromatic, but very shallow.
Almost two hundred years later, the very type of strawberries that are grown in the plots appeared. This is a garden strawberry (or pineapple). It does not grow in the wild, but it has not been bred either. The culture appeared on its own when two different species were accidentally pollinated: the Chilean and the Virginian.
Description of the strawberry variety Clery
The Clery variety is known for its early ripening. Having planted garden strawberries of this variety on your site, you can harvest the first harvest two weeks earlier than the usual time, since the flowers are not at all afraid of frost.
Bushes are compact, with dark green foliage. The berries are large, cone-shaped, bright red with a slight sheen. Fruits tend to form the same size and shape, which defines Clery as an excellent crop for sale.
Clery garden strawberry variety - large-fruited
Clery's pulp is quite dense, which makes the berry resistant to long-term transportation. The fruits keep their shape for a long time and do not lose their presentation after a certain period of storage. Clery is famous for its sweet taste with a slight hint of sourness, and more than two hundred kilograms of fragrant fruits can be harvested from one hectare.
Advantages and disadvantages
The bush of this strawberry gives a lot of whiskers and peduncles. One uterus forms up to thirty babies. This feature allows you to reduce the care of the plant, so any novice gardener can cultivate Clery on his site.
In addition, Clery strawberries are considered healthy and dietary. They are recommended to be eaten by ulcers. Clery contains many vitamins in its berries, helps to increase the overall tone of the body and strengthen the immune system.
Table: advantages and disadvantages of culture
||yield only from the second year|
Video: characteristics of the Clery variety
Planting and leaving
Garden strawberries do not require any special care, the main requirements of this variety are: periodic loosening of the soil, systematic weeding and timely pest control.
Maintenance and care
When seedlings are planted, the top bud should be placed above the soil surface so as not to interfere with the development of the plant. Deep planting is the main reason for the death of young bushes.
Garden strawberries do not like tightness, so it is not recommended to thicken the plantings. If this advice is neglected, the culture may develop poorly and not give a mustache. Small berries are formed on the thickened bed.
The scheme for planting a garden strawberry seedling will help to carry out the procedure correctly
To speed up fruiting, you can cover the bed with black spandbond, and lay the aisles with straw before flowering. These actions will reduce evaporation from the soil surface, which will avoid the appearance of weeds and keep the berries clean.
Like any other variety of garden strawberries, in the fourth year, Clery begins to degenerate, and only competent agricultural technology will allow to extend its fruiting period.
Site and soil selection
Despite the fact that garden strawberries respond positively to moist soil, it is not recommended to plant them in lowlands, where moisture stagnation often occurs. Damp and cold soil can be detrimental to crops, which is why it is usually planted in raised beds. But even on hills or slopes, the berry can also die due to the drying out of the earthen coma or freezing. The best place for garden strawberries is a flat area, well lit and protected from the wind.
The soil on the strawberry bed should be light. Often rotted sawdust or peat is added to the future strawberry bed, laying 1 liter under each bush or filling the bed by a third before planting.
Rotten sawdust is often added to the soil for loosening and fertilizing
The beds are formed rectangular, the soil is dug up, leveled, spilled with warm water at the rate of 1 liter per bush and covered with a covering material.
Scheme and landing time
The best time to plant Clery's garden strawberries is spring, when the snow has just melted. The end of summer is also allowed, until the second half of September. Of course, the planting dates can be shifted in one direction or another, but the ones mentioned above are the most optimal for a comfortable plant survival, which determines the yield.
Clery responds positively to black agrospan shelter and does not like thickening
When Clery is grown in large volumes, planting is carried out in lines, maintaining a distance of 30 cm between the bushes, and up to 50 cm between the rows. Such a scheme provides an approach to each plant, and the bushes do not interfere with each other's development.
Stages of planting seedlings:
- Before planting garden strawberries in open ground, the seedlings are hardened for two to three days at a temperature not exceeding 10 ° C.
- Before placing the seedlings in the holes, their roots are dipped in clay. Clay helps the plant settle in the ground faster and retains moisture in the roots. To prepare the solution, the clay is poured so that the water covers it by a centimeter. The solution is insisted exactly until the clay can be stirred in a bucket like sour cream.
- The bushes are planted in damp but not wet soil. Seedlings should not be exposed to the sun so that they do not wither prematurely. Especially long roots of seedlings are shortened: sufficient length for a root is 7-10 cm.
- Damp and cloudy weather is considered ideal for planting seedlings. If the coming days are warm and sunny, choose earlier morning or late evening. After the morning planting, the bushes are shaded.
- Saplings are placed in the holes. Cover with soil so that the core is not buried. Planting moisturizes.
- The surface of the earth is covered with mulch and periodically loosened.
Video: Clary cassette seedlings
Watering and feeding garden strawberries
There is no universal way to water garden strawberries. It all depends only on the type of soil, planting site and climatic zone. The main condition for a crop in terms of soil moisture is a measure. Garden strawberries do not tolerate siltation of the ridge. If your region has a temperate climate with periodic rainfall, then the need for irrigation disappears altogether. In southern areas where there is a danger of drought, a garden bed with strawberries can be watered abundantly once a week with settled water at a temperature of at least 18 ºC. Mulching the beds will prevent excess evaporation from the ground.
Top dressing for garden strawberries should be applied regularly. She does not like organic fertilizers that are laid in the soil in autumn, so it is best to fertilize in spring.
Table: feeding for garden strawberries
|After the snow melts||complex fertilizing with microelements|
|Before the flowering phase||40 g of nitrophoska and 5 g of potassium sulfate per bucket of water (consumption: half a liter per bush)|
|During flowering||cow dung and water in a ratio of 1: 8|
|No later than the second decade of August||40 g compound fertilizer and a cup of ash per bucket of water (consumption: liter per bush)|
Garden strawberries are most often propagated by a mustache or by dividing a bush. These methods, in contrast to seed, are much simpler and more familiar.
Features of mustache breeding
Clery throws out the mustache in large quantities. Such a reproduction procedure is not at all complicated, it is enough for this:
- Choose the strongest mustache rosettes.
- Plant them in a separate small container, without separating them from the mother bush. Thus, the new bush develops its root system while continuing to feed from the main bush.
- After the rosette has formed the sixth true leaf, separate it and plant it in its permanent place.
Reproduction of garden strawberries using a mustache
Dividing the bush
By dividing the bush, those varieties of garden strawberries that do not throw out a mustache are most often propagated. But the method works for Clery too. in addition, it is easier and faster than mustache breeding.
The division is carried out in the fall or spring. For this:
- A large and healthy three-year-old bush is dug up and divided into several fragments.
- Each new bush should have a white part of the root and at least one rosette.
- The separated parts are planted in a permanent place.
Divided strawberry bush into several young seedlings
Diseases and pests
The only disease that almost any berry crop is exposed to is arthracnose. You can recognize it by the brown spots that form on the leaves. The spots can have other shades: white, black, crimson or orange.
Measures to combat the disease:
- Treatment of the plant twice or three times with 2% Bordeaux liquid (200 g of copper sulfate, 250 g of lime per 10 liters of water).
- Treatment with Switch (according to the instructions) after the fruiting period.
Despite the fact that Clery has good immunity to most diseases, she still lets some pests close to her. In order to learn to recognize any ailment in culture and understand the reasons for its appearance, it is important to distinguish between signs of an attack by a particular pest, and also to be able to deal with it.
Table: pests and methods of dealing with them
|Pests||Signs||Control measures and prevention|
Pests of garden strawberries in the photo
Signs of aphid infestation - leaf twisting and wilting
The weevil damages the flowers, as a result of which the fruit does not set
When bushes are affected by a strawberry mite, the leaves curl and become wrinkled
Harvesting and storage
Clery blooms in mid-May, and in early June, you can enjoy the first berries. One bush of this variety gives about 500-600 g of berries. Its value lies in its taste and useful properties of the product.
Despite the high level of transportability, it is better not to shift such delicate berries as strawberries from place to place again. Experienced summer residents recommend harvesting garden strawberries together with the stalks, this method prolongs the life of the fruit and increases the chance of successful transportation.
When Clery berries are planned to be stored for a long time, you should not water the crop abundantly. It is best to harvest strawberries in the morning or evening from bushes that have already dropped dew. Direct sunlight should not hit the fruit. The most preferred containers for picking Clery berries are wooden or plastic boxes lined with paper or cloth. Wicker baskets and even glass jars work well.
You can fold the strawberry crop in plastic containers or baskets
Garden strawberries are stored in the refrigerator for a long time, but it should be remembered that at temperatures from 0 to +2 degrees Celsius, they will last no more than five days, and at room temperature they will start to deteriorate in a day. It is not accepted to sort the berries before laying, but severely damaged or moldy fruits should be removed immediately.
Reviews of gardeners about the variety
The Clery strawberry variety has proven itself to be a tasty product, quite marketable. The early ripening of this berry and the high level of disease resistance are what attracts in this berry in the first place. With minimal labor costs, Clery always pleases with a sweet harvest in June and almost never shows signs of rot, even in rainy summers.