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Types Of Interior Doors With A Description And Characteristics, Depending On The Material Of Production And Design Features
Types Of Interior Doors With A Description And Characteristics, Depending On The Material Of Production And Design Features

Video: Types Of Interior Doors With A Description And Characteristics, Depending On The Material Of Production And Design Features

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Interior doors: types and features of different models

interior doors
interior doors

A wide variety of interior doors requires careful selection of the optimal design. To do this, you need to know the existing system options and their features, as well as the properties of the materials from which the doors are made.

Content

  • 1 Variety of interior doors

    • 1.1 Classification of doors by type of material

      1.1.1 Video: features of choosing an interior door

    • 1.2 Types of interior door designs
  • 2 Video: how to design interior doors for the interior

Variety of interior doors

Interior doors for office or residential premises are made of different materials. They differ in design, performance and appearance. It is the device and material that are the main factors influencing the choice of the product. The first criterion determines the functionality, ease of use of the system. The material used depends on the appearance, service life, features of door care.

Dark color interior door
Dark color interior door

Any interior doors require proper installation

Classification of doors by type of material

One of the most common and classic materials for interior doors is wood. Such canvases are often supplemented with glass. More modern plastic, veneered and MDF models.

Veneered door option
Veneered door option

Veneered doors combine the properties of natural wood and synthetic materials

Features of products made from these materials are expressed in the following:

  1. Doors made of natural wood are environmentally friendly, they look solid and beautiful, they can be repainted and repaired. To create such canvases, different species are used: pine, oak, alder, ash, linden, walnut, etc. Each option is characterized by certain properties, for example, the models made of oak, alder and birch differ the most. It is difficult to leave scratches on such surfaces, therefore the doors are aesthetically pleasing throughout the entire service life of more than 20 years.

    Oak doors inside a residential building
    Oak doors inside a residential building

    Oak doors can be painted with wood products

  2. The veneered models represent a wooden frame with MDF panels (wood fiber boards made of pressed sawdust and glue). The aesthetics of the products are ensured by a layer of veneer - a thin cut of natural wood, painted and varnished. It can be different, but it is always more durable than a polymer film that serves as a coating for many inexpensive chipboard doors.

    The surface of the door eco-veneer
    The surface of the door eco-veneer

    The veneer has a natural wood structure but is scratch resistant

  3. Glass canvases are effective, versatile and practical to maintain. Products are made of tempered glass or triplex, consisting of several layers and a special film. Such options are safe in case of damage, and the thickness of such a canvas should be at least 0.5 cm. Structures can have a frame and an insert made of large glass, and options with a pattern, stained glass and other design are also in demand.

    Glass doors in the apartment
    Glass doors in the apartment

    Frosted glass is often the basis for doors

  4. Plastic interior doors are rare and are made to order by companies that produce similar windows. The color of the PVC profile can be any. The canvases are combined with glass or opaque panels. They can also be sliding or swinging. Regardless of the design, the doors are easy to clean. The plastic construction provides good noise protection, is durable and easy to install in the opening.

    Option of plastic doors in the apartment
    Option of plastic doors in the apartment

    White plastic doors are suitable for many interior styles

  5. MDF canvases are an inexpensive, practical option for various premises, but without high humidity. Such doors are made of plates of pressed shavings and binding components, therefore, at high humidity, the material swells and deforms. The color of the door is given by applying a polymer film. The products are characterized by simple design, low cost and variety of options.

    MDF doors
    MDF doors

    MDF doors are varied in color and decor

  6. Chipboard models are more durable than MDF versions. This is due to the fact that chipboard is a slab of large chips with a complex of binding components. Water-repellent additives provide average resistance of products to moisture, but such doors are not recommended for installation in a bathroom or a bathroom. The outer coating is presented in the form of a laminated, polymer or other film. Various types of veneer can also be used for this purpose.

    Interior simple doors made of chipboard
    Interior simple doors made of chipboard

    Chipboard doors can have a flat surface or decorative inserts

Each material belongs to a certain price category, characterized by its service life and other performance properties. These features are compared with the type of room and determine the required qualities of the door system. For example, for a bathroom or a bathroom, canvases that are resistant to high humidity are required. These are plastic, oak, glass models. If the room is residential and dry, then structures with good sound insulation are optimal.

Video: features of choosing an interior door

Types of interior door designs

Interior doors differ in different design features. These properties determine the direction of movement of the web, the installation technology and the rules of operation and repair. Therefore, when choosing, it is important to clearly determine the desired type of product, depending on the parameters of the opening, the area of ​​the room. Custom-made door production is the best solution for creating a complex layout, a unique interior.

Diagram of the device of a swing interior door
Diagram of the device of a swing interior door

Swing doors have the simplest device

Manufacturers provide many design options, but the following are especially common:

  1. Double or double doors can be hinged, folding or sliding. Such options are made from different materials and their combinations, but the design always assumes the presence of two canvases, which can be of the same size. If the opening is 1–1.2 m wide, then one full-fledged sash and one fixed insert are often installed.

    Double doors with glass
    Double doors with glass

    Double-leaf models are suitable for openings from 1.2 m wide

  2. Interior swing doors are a common option, which is a box in which one or two canvases are installed, opening inward or outward of the room. Models can be of different materials. They are versatile, suitable for any room. Swing options are characterized by the most dense vestibule and good sound insulation.

    Swing doors in the apartment
    Swing doors in the apartment

    Swing doors are in demand for residential premises

  3. Rotary systems consist of a box and a curtain. The details themselves are simple, but the movement mechanism is complex, which allows you to open the door to the side and simultaneously swing it open. The driving device has a guide, fixing parts and other elements. The installation of such a mechanism requires accurate measurements, knowledge of the principle of operation and installation rules. Such models are appropriate for small rooms, for example, dressing rooms.

    Interior doors with a rotary mechanism
    Interior doors with a rotary mechanism

    Rotary doors follow an unusual trajectory, but are compact

  4. Sliding systems work on the principle of a device that resembles the doors of a wardrobe. The design has rails or guides along which the blade moves on rollers. Stoppers, plugs and other parts ensure the correct operation of the system. The rollers can be fixed over the canvas or inside the box. A cassette system is in demand, in which the canvas is pushed into the wall, where a special box is equipped, a cavity.

    Sliding door options
    Sliding door options

    Sliding door movement mechanisms are different in design

  5. Folding doors or folding doors are compact, as they are a partition consisting of several panels connected by hinges. When opened, the structure folds like an accordion. Such models are lightweight, easy to install and convenient for small rooms, but practical for large openings.

    Example of an accordion door for a residential area
    Example of an accordion door for a residential area

    Folding doors can be used for large openings

  6. Interior arch systems differ from others in that they have an upper rounded part. They are made from different materials and in any style. For example, Moorish models look spectacular and are suitable for an African-style interior. Arched doors do not require adherence to special operating rules, but the canvas must necessarily correspond to the parameters of the opening, and it is better to entrust the manufacture of the box only to a professional master.

    Arched doors in the living room
    Arched doors in the living room

    Arched doors look solid and can be with different decor

  7. Doors with panels have a structure consisting of a frame with shaped inserts. Their shape and size may vary. They can be inserted into the groin of the frame or bulging on one side of the canvas. For fixing the panels, special slats are used. The appearance of the product depends on the installation method of such parts.

    Panel doors made of wood
    Panel doors made of wood

    Panels can be of different shapes and sizes

  8. Interior systems with a transom is a sheet, over which a fixed insert is installed to match the color of the door. It can also be located on the side. Such a structural detail is usually planned when designing a doorway, but often a transom is installed with an enlarged opening. This allows you to mount a standard canvas and not carry out voluminous and costly work to build up a part of the wall. The transom can be decorated with panels, carvings or other decor in accordance with the design of the door.

    Option of a door with a transom
    Option of a door with a transom

    A transom with glass increases the light transmission of the door

  9. Louvered models are a frame in which thin and narrow strips are installed at a slight angle. Outwardly, such a door resembles blinds, but the inserts are motionless. In this case, one part of the canvas can be deaf, and the other blind. Such systems are made of plastic, wood, chipboard or MDF. They are lightweight. The low level of sound and heat insulation distinguishes these doors from blank sheets. Therefore, jalousie options are not always convenient as interroom options, but are suitable for kitchens, pantries, non-residential premises.

    Roller shutter option
    Roller shutter option

    Louvered doors look beautiful and can be any color

Some designs can be combined. For example, louvered sliding models are convenient, and swing ones are often supplemented with a transom. Thus, for any opening and room, it is easy to choose the optimal type of door, depending on the required functionality of the product, its design and characteristics.

Video: how to design interior doors for the interior

The interior door provides sound and heat insulation of the room and is an integral part of the interior. Therefore, the design must meet the required level of performance, be easy to use and durable. If the door has just such properties, then repair or replacement will not take a long time.

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