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Potatoes Luck - Description Of The Variety, Photo, Characteristics, Planting, Care, Reviews And Other Nuances
Potatoes Luck - Description Of The Variety, Photo, Characteristics, Planting, Care, Reviews And Other Nuances

Video: Potatoes Luck - Description Of The Variety, Photo, Characteristics, Planting, Care, Reviews And Other Nuances

Video: Growing potatoes, from field to supermarket 2022, December
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Good luck will not leave without a crop: a description of a popular domestic potato variety

potato luck
potato luck

In our country, potatoes are considered a traditional food product, and they deserved this status. The description of the characteristics of the nutritious tuber confirms that it is the best suited for the climatic conditions of Russian latitudes: it is easy to grow, relatively unpretentious to the temperature regime, and easy to store. Excellent taste allows this vegetable to be present simultaneously in several dishes on the table. And although potato varieties are very diverse on the market, it was Luck that won popular recognition.

Content

  • 1 Description of the variety and photo of potatoes Luck

    1.1 Table: advantages and disadvantages of the variety

  • 2 Growing potatoes of the Luck variety

    • 2.1 Seed preparation

      2.1.1 Video: preparing potatoes for planting

    • 2.2 Landing Luck
    • 2.3 Table: potato care
    • 2.4 Table: application time and composition of top dressing
    • 2.5 Productivity of the variety
  • 3 Diseases, pests and methods of their control

    • 3.1 Photo gallery: diseases and pests
    • 3.2 Table: diseases, pests and methods of their control
  • 4 Harvesting and storage

    4.1 Video: Young Potatoes Luck

  • 5 Reviews

Description of the variety and photo of potatoes Luck

The variety owes its origin to the employees of the A.G. Lorkh Research Institute of Potato Economy, who at the end of the last century set out to obtain potato samples that could demonstrate high yield rates, despite the type of soil and climate conditions. The task was successfully solved in a short time, and the variety, which has a high resistance to negative environmental factors, showed the level of collection of high-quality tubers up to 45 tons per hectare in various regions of our vast state.

Potato Luck
Potato Luck

The Udacha variety is characterized by a high yield.

The aerial part of the plant reaches a height of 40–45 cm. The shape of the bushes is spreading, the leaves are densely scattered along the stem, white flowers are combined into inflorescences. Oval-rounded tubers are covered with a smooth thin skin of light yellow color with a small number of eyes, which distinguishes this variety from most others, whose representatives have a less pleasant appearance. The peel hides under it a dense white pulp, which, when cooked, can be supplemented with a yellow tint, which is quite acceptable, especially if mineral fertilizers were used during feeding. The starch content in tubers ranges from 12-14%.

With proper care, the ripening period ends 60 days after the first shoots have cut through the soil. Taste test samples can be dug out after 40–45 days. The number of tubers in a bush reaches 10–15, the average weight of an individual root crop is 150 grams, that is, with a responsible approach to cultivation, one ditch may contain 1.5–2.25 kg of a pure product of good keeping quality. Gardeners express themselves only in a positive way about the taste of tubers, noting both the special tenderness of the pulp, which is excellent for mashed potatoes, and the appetizing dense structure of fried potato slices.

Luck variety
Luck variety

Good luck in the bag!

Summarizing the characteristics of the variety under consideration, one should also point out its weak points.

Table: advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Benefits disadvantages
  • Undemanding to the composition of the soil;
  • sustainable growth in a wide range of climatic conditions;
  • early maturation;
  • immunity to scab, cancer, wrinkled mosaics, rhizoctonia and most viral infections;
  • preservation of presentation and taste for a long time;
  • resistance to mechanical stress, which is very important during transportation
  • Low yield in dense plantings;
  • planting in cold ground is fraught with a slowdown in the ripening of tubers;
  • low level of resistance to late blight, golden nematode, alternaria, which significantly reduce productivity

As you can see, the number of shortcomings is insignificant, and all of them can be eliminated by observing the landing technique.

Growing potatoes of the Luck variety

Although the cultivar is distinguished by its high yield regardless of soil type, this does not mean that such potatoes do not need to be looked after. Preparation for planting begins in the fall. Immediately you need to take into account that it is better to place potatoes in such a soil where green manure plants, legumes and melons, cabbage or cucumbers previously grew. If the potato planting site is not changed annually, then the likelihood of degeneration of the variety is high, which is expressed in a loss of taste, as well as an increasing susceptibility to infection.

In the autumn period, the area where the vegetable is supposed to be planted should be thoroughly dug up, reaching a 20-centimeter depth, having previously introduced compost into the soil at the rate of 40 buckets per hundred square meters. With the arrival of spring, the soil is leveled, adding mineral fertilizers if necessary.

Seed preparation

When choosing planting material, you need to pay attention to whole medium-sized tubers, which do not show signs of disease or traces of mechanical damage. If there are not enough of them, then large potatoes are selected. They are cut into several parts with the condition that at least three eyes remain on each fragment. After each operation, the knife is dipped in a strong solution of manganese in order to avoid the transmission of viruses and pathogenic bacteria. After completing the selection of material for planting, the germination phase follows, which lasts about 15-20 days… Potatoes, neatly laid out in boxes, are placed in a room with access to sunlight and fresh air, with a temperature of 10-15 ºC, but not higher than 18 ºC. It is important to keep track of the length of the shoots - too long will easily break off.

Video: preparing potatoes for planting

Landing Luck

Before planting, it is recommended to treat potatoes with special disinfectants. When choosing the time to plant, you need to track that the soil warms up to 10 ºC. From this threshold, the optimum temperature for this variety begins. Usually this time falls on the end of April - beginning of May.

When planting, a distance of 60–70 cm should be observed between rows, and 20–25 cm between tubers. The size and condition of the planting material are interrelated with the planting depth. A whole medium-sized tuber is placed at a depth of 10 cm. Small and cut potatoes are deepened by 5–6 cm. A handful of compost mixed with ash in equal proportions is introduced into the hole to increase the yield. The tubercles resulting after planting do not need to be trampled down and crushed. They should be raked to allow the plants to get more moisture.

The first shoots of potatoes
The first shoots of potatoes

The emerging shoots should be immediately spud

It would be nice to cover the sprouts that have appeared with a special material. If there is none, then the first stalks should be well covered with earth.

Hilling
Hilling

Potatoes should be spud several times per season.

Table: potato care

Operation Time spending
Weeding As the weeds grow
Loosening It is combined with weeding, but the first time loosening is carried out during the appearance of the first shoots
Top dressing Introduced when loosening the beds
Secondary hilling It is carried out when the height of the bushes reaches 20 cm; recommended after rain
Watering It becomes necessary only in extreme heat and with prolonged drought.

Top dressing is made at the rate of 0.5 liters per 1 bush. The timing and composition of top dressing for 10 liters of water are suggested in the table.

Table: application time and composition of top dressing

Time Structure
First shoots
  • 1 tablespoon of urea;
  • 0.5 liter mullein;
  • 1 tablespoon bird droppings
The beginning of flowering
  • 1 tablespoon potassium sulfate
  • 2-3 tablespoons of wood ash
Flowering period
  • 2 tablespoons of superphosphate;
  • 1 cup mullein or bird droppings

The yield of the variety

The potato variety Luck is distinguished by excellent yield indicators. It is capable of providing a guaranteed high yield in different climatic zones (about 40-45 t / ha).

Diseases, pests and methods of dealing with them

Although the Udacha variety is highly resistant to many diseases, late blight can easily affect the yield. The same goes for the stem nematode, the Colorado potato beetle and the bear.

Photo gallery: diseases and pests

Colorado beetle
Colorado beetle

Colorado potato beetle is the most common pest of potatoes

bear
bear

The bear damages potato tubers

Stem nematoda
Stem nematoda

Potato tubers can be infected with stem nematode

Late blight on a tuber
Late blight on a tuber

Tuber infected with infection is unfit for consumption

Late blight on leaves
Late blight on leaves

Leaves and stems are often affected by late blight

Control methods are shown in the table.

Table: diseases, pests and methods of controlling them

Disease / pest Signs of defeat Preventive actions Control methods
Late blight
  • dark gray spots on stems and leaves;
  • rotting tubers
  • regular weeding;
  • observance of crop rotation
  • digging up and destroying diseased plants;
  • treatment of potatoes before flowering with Ridomil Gold;
  • post-flowering treatment with Hom
Stem nematode
  • bushiness and thickening of the stems;
  • pale color of the aboveground part of the plant;
  • dark spots on tubers
Adding 1 tablespoon of wood ash to the hole when planting Digging up and destroying diseased plants
Colorado beetle Deceleration of plant development Planting plants with a strong odor (marigolds, dill, calendula) in the immediate vicinity of potatoes
  • picking up insects with your hands;
  • treatment with special preparations (Aktara, Tanrek, Colorado, etc.)
Medvedka The appearance of characteristic tuber damage
  • digging the soil to a depth of 20 cm;
  • detection and destruction of insects;
  • disinfection of soil with manganese solution
Treatment of the landing site with soapy water (2 pieces of laundry soap for 10 liters of water)

Harvesting and storage

Already at the end of June, the tops of potatoes Luck begins to turn yellow. This means that the first crop can be harvested. The bush is dug out with a shovel or pitchfork, prying it and pulling the tops. Collect the tubers in a bucket or first pile them up so that they dry better in the sun in the fresh air.

Having dug a garden bed, before storage, the crop is sorted out: the potatoes damaged by the disease and accidentally cut with a shovel are removed, the rest are sprayed with copper sulfate, this will improve their safety. Having poured the crop into prepared boxes, containers or bags, they are transferred to the basement, where the air temperature is not higher than 4 degrees Celsius, otherwise the germination of tubers will begin.

Storing potatoes
Storing potatoes

One of the most popular storage options for potatoes is in bags

To prevent rotting and good air circulation, the layer of potatoes in the boxes should be no more than one and a half meters, it is recommended to store the crop not on the ground, but on stands. Observing these conditions, keep Luck until the next harvest. The taste and appearance of the potatoes are not compromised.

Video: young potatoes Luck

Reviews

Potatoes of the Udacha variety have been grown on personal plots and in agricultural complexes for more than a decade. Its positive characteristics have passed the test of time with dignity, which means that it will be popular for a very long time.

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