Table of contents:
- We cook the correct paste from flour
- Safe glue for adults and children
- How to cook paste correctly
- Simple step by step recipes
Video: How To Cook Flour Paste + Photos And Videos
We cook the correct paste from flour
The word "paste" came to us from Germany, it means an adhesive made from flour or starch and water. Despite the wide selection of various adhesives in stores, the paste does not lose its popularity today. After all, it contains available natural ingredients, thanks to which this mixture does not pose any danger to health. It does not cause allergic reactions and is absolutely harmless even for small children. Knowing how to cook flour paste will help you both during the repair process and when doing needlework.
1 Safe glue for adults and children
1.1 Photo gallery: wallpapering, seed preparation and other uses of flour and water glue
2 How to cook paste correctly
2.1 What it can be made from
2.1.1 Photo gallery: the most suitable flour for making glue
2.2 Other things to add
2.2.1 Photo gallery: what is added to the paste
2.3 Proportions of water and flour
2.3.1 Table: approximate proportions of ingredients for different paste
- 2.4 Correction of consistency
- 2.5 Storage
3 Simple step by step recipes
3.1 For light wallpaper
3.1.1 Video: the easiest way to weld glue
- 3.2 For heavy wallpaper
- 3.3 For fabric crafts
3.4 For papier-mâché
3.4.1 Video: how to make a papier-mâché paste
Safe glue for adults and children
Kleister has a fairly wide range of applications. Perhaps the most popular areas of its use are renovation work. With the help of paste, gaps in wooden windows are sealed, and the walls are primed and pasted over with wallpaper. A home-made product is usually of the same quality as industrial mixes.
This composition is also used in the field of horticulture and horticulture. When planting small seeds, the paste is applied to strips of paper, then the planting material is poured onto them, dried, placed on the beds and sprinkled with soil.
The paste has a simple and environmentally friendly composition
Due to the safe natural composition of the paste, it is used in kindergartens in creative classes to perform applications and other work with paper. In general, this adhesive is very actively used in various types of handicrafts: scrapbooking, decoupage, thread and textile crafts. And when making artificial flowers, the fabric is impregnated with liquid paste to make it stiff.
Kleister has found application in the theatrical art. It is used to create props using the papier-mâché technique, which serve as decorations in productions. They are lightweight yet strong enough. Librarians use paste to restore damaged book bindings.
Photo gallery: wallpapering, seed preparation and other uses of flour and water glue
The composition is suitable for textile crafts
The composition is used for gluing small seeds
Paper wallpaper adheres perfectly to the paste
The paste is ideal for papier-mâché crafts
To make flowers, the fabric is pre-impregnated with paste and dried.
How to cook paste correctly
What can it be made of
You can make a paste from wheat, rye or corn flour. It is better to choose flour not of the highest, but of the second or third grade, as a last resort, take a product labeled "general purpose". This is due to the fact that coarse flour has a high level of viscosity due to the high content of bran particles. As a result, it holds the material more firmly. Also on sale is whole grain wheat flour, which even received the name wallpaper, which is an ideal basis for paste. It can be replaced with any other variety, but be prepared for the fact that this will negatively affect the astringent properties of the composition.
Photo gallery: the most suitable flour for making glue
Rye flour glue sticks better, but may leave marks on light-colored surfaces
Great tenacious paste is made from cornmeal.
When boiling wallpaper paste, use whole grain - wallpaper - flour, not a premium product
It is important to consider that wheat flour is used for light surfaces, and rye for dark ones. Doing so will help you avoid staining. In addition, the rye flour paste has better fixing properties. Therefore, this component is often used for gluing heavy vinyl wallpaper.
What else is worth adding
In addition to the main components, in some cases additional ingredients are added to the glue. This is determined by the application of the mixture. For example, to create papier-mâché, you can add wood glue (75 ml per 200 g of flour) or gelatin diluted in water according to the instructions on the package. This technique helps to make the bond of paper surfaces the most durable.
To increase the fixing qualities of the composition, wood glue or PVA is also added to it. In this case, it is necessary to take into account the color of the surface on which the mixture is supposed to be used. PVA is used for light-colored materials. And when working with dark surfaces, wood glue is often used.
If the paste is planned to be used to decorate the walls with wallpaper, it is recommended to add copper sulfate (10 g per 1 kg of flour) to its composition. This will disinfect the mixture, as well as prevent the appearance of various small parasites. In the paste, they are attracted by the natural ingredients of which it is composed.
When creating textile decorations, a little vanillin and sugar are added to the mixture (0.5 teaspoon per 20 g of flour). This paste makes the fabric more elastic and shiny.
Photo gallery: what is added to the paste
Vanillin for shine and aroma
PVA glue enhances the binding properties of the paste
Copper sulfate for disinfection
Food-grade gelatin enhances the adhesive properties of the paste
Natural wood glue, or animal glue, is made from animal bones and contains gelatin
Sugar is added to the paste used for enrobing the coating
Proportions of water and flour
In the process of preparing the paste, its consistency should be taken into account. For lightweight paper wallpapers, a liquid formulation is required. If a heavy vinyl material is used for finishing, the paste must be thickened. To do this, add more flour to the mixture.
Table: approximate proportions of ingredients for different paste
|The purpose of the glue||Flour (for 1 liter of water)||Additionally|
|Bonding paper (children's creativity, etc.)||100 g||Without additives|
|Papier mache||50-100 g||20-40 ml wood (animal) glue (10% solution)|
|Surface primer for paper wallpaper||120-150 g sifted rye flour||100 ml of wood (animal) glue (10% solution).|
|Pasting simple paper wallpaper||120-150 g sifted rye flour||1.2-1.5 g of copper sulfate|
|Pasting embossed paper wallpaper||200-250 g sifted rye flour||2-2.5 g of copper sulfate|
|Surface primer for linkrust or heavy (vinyl, non-woven) wallpaper||200 g whole wheat flour||200 ml wood (animal) glue (10% solution)|
|Bonding linkrust or heavy (vinyl, non-woven) wallpaper||300-400 g of whole wheat flour||
To prepare a regular thin paste, 100 g of flour and 1 liter of water are required. If you need a mixture of a very liquid consistency, use 50 g for the same amount of liquid. For the thickest paste, 400 g of flour is taken per 1 liter of water. Of course, these are approximate, not strict proportions: after all, the stickiness and consistency will ultimately depend on what kind of flour you take and on the additional ingredients that you add. Therefore, you can find many different recipes on the net.
Correction of consistency
Over time, the paste thickens. Some experts claim that in this case it is quite possible to dilute the mixture with boiling water to make it more liquid. Start adding 1 tablespoon at a time with constant stirring with a mixer or blender. Follow the procedure until the composition acquires the density you need. However, not everyone considers this procedure of "revitalizing" stale paste to be optimal: the adhesive ability of such a composition will most likely be greatly reduced. But if you just cooked a paste and you see that it is thick, then with the help of boiling water you can really fix the matter.
If the opposite situation arises, and your glue turned out to be too liquid, first cool it down to about 40 degrees: it is at this temperature that the adhesive qualities should be evaluated. If you still need to thicken the paste, then you need to add more flour to it. Dilute the missing amount of flour with water until a batter is formed, pour into the liquid composition, stir thoroughly and then bring to a boil.
The maximum storage period for the paste is 10 days. The composition must be covered with a lid or plastic bag and placed in the refrigerator. During storage, the paste is covered with a film, which must be removed before continuing work. The presence of mold indicates that the adhesive is not suitable.
Simple step by step recipes
For light wallpapers
The paste used for light paper wallpaper is quite simple to prepare. To do this, you need to prepare:
- 150 g rye or 200 g wheat flour;
- 1 liter of water;
- two containers (shallow 200 ml and a saucepan).
Pour flour into a small bowl, gradually pouring 200 ml of cold water into it. The mixture must be constantly stirred until it reaches the consistency of liquid sour cream.
We breed flour in a small container
Boil the remaining water in a separate saucepan.
Bring water to a boil
Pour the glue mixture into boiling water in a thin stream, stirring constantly.
We introduce the glue mixture into boiling water
Put the resulting composition on fire and keep, stirring, for another 3-5 minutes until boiling.
Bring the paste to a boil with constant stirring
- Remove the paste from the stove and cool.
Video: the easiest way to weld glue
For heavy wallpaper
For vinyl or non-woven wallpaper, you can cook a thick paste according to the previous instructions, taking 400 g of flour per 1 liter of water. However, in some situations, you may need a durable paste of a special composition, similar to PVA. It is used not only for gluing heavy vinyl wallpaper, but also as a final primer for walls and even for cladding with small-format tiles. It is also cooked on the basis of flour, but using a different technology.
- 20 ml ethyl alcohol;
- 150 g flour;
- 4 g glycerin (sold at the pharmacy);
- 5 g of gelatin, better than photographic gel (you can buy it at a photo store);
- 1 liter of distilled water (available at the pharmacy).
- Pour 200 ml of water over the gelatin and leave for 24 hours.
- After this time, pour distilled water (850 ml) into a container and place in a water bath. Add the soaked gelatin and stir well.
- Dissolve the flour in a little water (150 ml) so that there are no lumps.
- Add flour mixture to gelatin water.
- Bring the mixture to a boil. Stir it until the mass acquires a homogeneous structure.
- Add glycerin and ethyl alcohol. Stir the mixture for 10 minutes.
- Remove the glue from the water bath and refrigerate.
For fabric crafts
A flour paste for textile crafts is made a little differently. To implement this method, you need to prepare:
- 2 tbsp. l. flour;
- 2 glasses of cold water;
- half teaspoon Sahara;
- a pinch of vanillin.
- Pour flour into a saucepan and pour in ½ cup cold water.
- Stir the composition thoroughly until smooth.
- Then pour 1.5 cups of water, sugar into a separate bowl and put on fire.
- When the liquid boils, stir in the cold flour mixture.
- Cook, stirring occasionally, over low heat.
- When the composition thickens, remove it from heat.
- Add vanillin, stir well and cool.
A paste with sugar and vanilla is used as a varnish when working not only with textiles, but also with other materials
A papier-mâché paste, which involves sticking pieces of paper onto a mold, is done as follows.
- 1 cup flour;
- 1/2 teaspoon salt
- 3 glasses of water.
Paste preparation process:
- Sift flour and cover with 1 glass of cold water.
- Stir well until the mixture is completely smooth.
- Add 0.5 teaspoon salt and stir again.
- Boil 2 cups water in a separate saucepan and pour into the glue mixture. Stir again.
- Pour the mixture into a saucepan and put on fire.
- Boil for 10 minutes and then remove from heat.
For different variations of the papier-mâché technique, you may need a paste of different consistency.
Video: how to make a papier-mâché paste
Clayter is a safe and affordable adhesive that adheres to a variety of surfaces. But it should be remembered that over time, its quality decreases. In this regard, it is recommended to prepare the amount of glue that is necessary for one use. To improve the properties of the composition, the recipe can be supplemented with certain additives, depending on what you are going to use it for.
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