Table of contents:

Pear Forest Beauty: Description And Characteristics Of The Variety, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features + Photos And Reviews
Pear Forest Beauty: Description And Characteristics Of The Variety, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features + Photos And Reviews

Video: Pear Forest Beauty: Description And Characteristics Of The Variety, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features + Photos And Reviews

Video: ASMR - Forest Walk: Wonder of Trees 2022, December
Anonim

Pear Forest beauty: we grow a frost-resistant culture in the garden

Pear Forest Beauty
Pear Forest Beauty

Pear Forest Beauty is a unique variety that is not the result of selection. This culture was discovered by chance back in the 19th century on the territory of eastern Flanders. And since this tree grew in a forest area, it received the corresponding name.

Content

  • 1 Description of pear Forest beauty
  • 2 Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
  • 3 Features of planting culture

    3.1 Secrets of successful pear planting - video

  • 4 Wood care measures

    • 4.1 How to water properly?
    • 4.2 Application rates
    • 4.3 The subtleties of crown molding

      4.3.1 Practical tips for pruning wood - video

    • 4.4 Winter preparation
  • 5 Diseases and pests of the Forest beauty

    • 5.1 Typical diseases of the culture - table

      5.1.1 Ailments of the pear in the photo

    • 5.2 Harmful insects and control - table

      5.2.1 Insect pests in the photo

  • 6 Features of harvesting
  • 7 Reviews of gardeners

Description of pear Forest beauty

Pear Forest Beauty
Pear Forest Beauty

Forest beauty - a variety brought from Belgium

The forest beauty is a dessert variety of pears. Despite the Belgian origin, today this culture is successfully growing in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Estonia, Lithuania, Moldova and in the Central Asian republics. On its basis, over 30 new varieties were developed.

The tree reaches medium size, its height does not exceed 5 m. The most intensive growth is observed in the first 8 years of culture life. Shoots are thick, straight or slightly curved, covered with reddish bark. Fruits are of medium size, ovoid. Their weight is 120–150 g, but individual fruits can reach 250–300 g. Pears are covered with a thin but dense skin with a rough surface. Ripe fruits are golden-yellow in color with a blush, but they are removed in a state of technical maturity, when they still have a greenish-yellow color. On their surface, you can see gray dots, bright blush and brown spots.

Leaves are dark green in color with finely toothed edges. The peduncle is short, of moderate thickness. The funnel is narrow and shallow. Seeds are large, pointed, dark brown in color. The pulp is light yellow, very juicy, buttery. The taste is sweet, with a slight sourness.

One tree is usually harvested from 100 to 200 kg of the crop. The forest beauty is recognized as the most frost-resistant pear of all Western European varieties. It can withstand temperatures as low as -50 o C.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Pear Forest Beauty
Pear Forest Beauty

The Forest Beauty has tasty and fragrant fruits

Pear benefits:

  • high taste characteristics;
  • good resistance to low temperatures and heat;
  • abundant fruiting;
  • unpretentiousness to the ground.

The disadvantages of the variety are:

  • shedding of fruits when overripe;
  • short shelf life of the crop;
  • susceptibility to scab.

Features of planting culture

Pear planting pit
Pear planting pit

The pit for planting the Forest Beauty must be prepared in advance

The forest beauty is partially self-fertile - a high yield can be obtained only with the presence of pollinators. For this, varieties such as Williams, Limonka and Josephine Mechelnskaya are suitable. Most preferred for this pear are nutritious loose soils of sandy loam or loamy type. But it is able to bear fruit in moderately dry soil.

When choosing a location, it should be borne in mind that the pear needs good lighting. The distance from the surface of the earth to the groundwater should be 2–2.5 m. The pear is planted in May or October.

Pear sapling over the pit
Pear sapling over the pit

Planting of the Forest Beauty takes place according to the standard scheme for fruit trees

For a proper fit, it is important to consider the following subtleties:

  1. Start preparing the soil by digging the site and removing weeds. For a pear, you need a pit 70–100 cm deep and 60–70 cm wide.
  2. You need to start preparing it a week before planting. Mix the soil taken out when digging a hole with 20 kg of humus, the same amount of sand, 100 g of potassium sulfate, 200 g of superphosphate.
  3. Fill the hole 1/3 with this mixture. After that, pour a solution of 30 liters of water and 600 g of dolomite flour, which must first be infused for a week.
  4. Place a stake in the center of the pit, place a two-year-old seedling next to it and sprinkle it with soil. Place the root collar 5–6 cm above the soil level.
  5. Tie a pear to a peg. Water the seedling with 15–20 liters of water, then mulch the soil with crushed sawdust in the area of ​​the near-stem circle.

Secrets of successful pear planting - video

Wood care measures

How to water properly?

Watering a tree in a groove
Watering a tree in a groove

The pear is best watered using grooves.

A young pear is watered weekly during the first year. One tree consumes 10 liters of water. Next, the tree is moistened every 10 days, using 2 buckets of water per 1 m 2. Watering is stopped in August. You also need to take into account the weather conditions - the soil is moistened as it dries.

After watering, the soil must be mulched. Do not water the tree at the root, step back 20 cm from the trunk, dig a groove in a circle and supply water there. In October, water-charging irrigation is carried out at the rate of 80–90 buckets of water per tree.

Feeding rates

Shovel and fertilizer
Shovel and fertilizer

The forest beauty needs both organic and mineral fertilizers

You need to feed the pear from the second year after planting. In this case, the frequency of fertilization is determined by the type of soil on which the seedling grows:

  1. If the tree grows on sandy soil, then it is fertilized annually.
  2. If on chernozem or loamy soils - once every 2-3 years.

So, in the period from March to April, humus or rotted manure is introduced (2 kg per 1 m 2). Fertilizer can be applied both dry and dissolved. To do this, you need to mix nutrients with water in an equal ratio. The consumption of such a mixture is 1 bucket per 1 m 2.

In the fall, after the leaves fall off, the tree is fed with a composition of 650 g of wood ash, 15 g of urea, 20 g of ammonium nitrate and 50 g of superphosphate. The consumption of this amount of top dressing is also calculated for 1 m 2.

The subtleties of crown molding

Pear pruning scheme
Pear pruning scheme

Detailed diagram of the formation of the crown of a pear

To adjust the size of the tree, you need to systematically prune. The scheme is as follows:

  1. For 2 years in April, shorten the main shoots by 1/3 of their length.
  2. Remove damaged and diseased branches in autumn.
  3. When the tree enters the fruiting stage, once every 3 years it is necessary to carry out anti-aging pruning, that is, remove dried shoots, as well as branches that thicken the crown.

All sections must be lubricated with garden varnish, otherwise the juice that stands out will attract pests. To prepare it, you need to melt lard in a water bath, add chopped rosin and beeswax in a ratio of 1: 4: 2. Boil the composition for half an hour over low heat, then cool. Lubricate your hands with vegetable oil, knead the pitch well and apply to the slices. You can store it in a jar with a lid or in paper.

Practical tips for pruning wood - video

Winter preparation

Due to its good frost resistance, the Forest Beauty does not need to be wrapped up for the winter. You just need to take care of protecting the tree from mice and hares. For this, the lower part of the trunk is wrapped with a nylon cloth or covered with whitewash, which is prepared from 8 liters of water, 1 kg of lime, 200 g of copper sulfate and 1 kg of chicken droppings. The mixture is infused for 3 hours. The trunk and skeletal branches are processed in October at a temperature not lower than +5 o C.

Diseases and pests of the Forest Beauty

Typical diseases of culture - table

Diseases Symptoms of defeat Ways to fight Preventive measures
Scab
  1. On the leaves, spots are formed, covered with a brown bloom, which leads to drying and foliage falling off.
  2. The fruits are covered with cracks and gray spots.
  1. In autumn, the leaves are sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid.
  2. In the spring (during the leafing season), the tree is treated with Skor (1 ampoule per 10 liters).
Timely burning of fallen leaves.
Fruit rot
  1. Brown spots appear on the fruits, which then grow.
  2. The flesh turns brown and becomes inedible.
  1. Spraying with Hom in spring (40 g per 10 l).
  2. After the end of the flowering period with Oxyhom (20 g per 10 l).
Collection and burying of diseased fruits in the ground in summer.
Cytosporosis The bark becomes covered with dark formations that increase in size and turn reddish-brown, the affected areas die off. The use of the drug Hom for swelling of the buds and Oxyhom before flowering. Whitewashing branches, cutting and burning affected shoots.
Bacterial burn Pear leaves turn black, annual shoots dry out. Processing with a solution of copper sulfate (3 tbsp. L. Per 10 l). Control of pests that carry the virus.

Pear diseases in the photo

Cytosporosis
Cytosporosis

Cytosporosis inhibits the growth of culture

Pear fruit rot
Pear fruit rot

Fruit rot destroys crops

Pear scab
Pear scab

Scab leads to tree depletion

Bacterial burn
Bacterial burn

Bacterial burn reduces pear yield

Harmful insects and the fight against them - table

Pests Signs Remedy Prevention
Pear mite
  1. Swelling forms on the leaves, from which the pest sucks the juice.
  2. A damaged tree sheds its foliage ahead of time.
When the leaves are blooming, they are sprayed with a solution of colloidal sulfur (100 g per 10 l). Pruning damaged branches.
Pear moth The insect infects fruits that rot and then fall off. Chlorophos processing. Destruction of fallen fruits and leaves.
Slimy sawfly The pest infects the leaves, which become brown and dry out.
  1. Spraying after harvest with a solution of Chlorophos or Karbofos (20 g per 10 l).
  2. The treatment is repeated a week later.
Autumn digging of the soil where the pest is located.
Hawthorn The hawthorn caterpillar eats leaves, flowers and ovaries. Spraying with Karbofos. Collecting leaves, digging the soil in the fall.

Insects pests in the photo

Slimy sawfly
Slimy sawfly

Slimy sawfly eats pear leaves

Pear mite leaf
Pear mite leaf

Pear mites are easy to spot

Pear moth
Pear moth

The pear moth destroys the fruit of the tree

Hawthorn caterpillar
Hawthorn caterpillar

The hawthorn caterpillar is dangerous for the development of the crop

Features of harvesting

Pears in a basket
Pears in a basket

The forest beauty is poorly stored, so you need to harvest a little earlier than ripening

The fruits of the Forest Beauty ripen in the last decade of August, but they need to be removed earlier. Pears have a maximum shelf life of 3 weeks. Sort the plucked fruits by size, remove mechanically damaged fruits. Fold them into trellis containers, after covering the sides and bottom with paper. Place the pears with the stalks upward so as not to damage the skin of neighboring fruits. Transfer each row with paper so that they do not touch each other. Place the boxes in a room with a temperature of 0 … + 1 ° C and an air humidity of 90%. Pears can be used for making candied fruits, preserves, jams, compotes.

Gardeners reviews

Farina

http://www.sadiba.com.ua/forum/archive/index.php/t-1477.html

Valenti65

http://chudo-ogorod.ru/forum/viewtopic.php?f=45&t=1144

Creativniy

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?t=10599

Vladlena

http://ru.badgood.info/reviews/content/sort_grushi_lesnaya_krasavitsa_

The obvious advantage of the Forest Beauty is the preservation of the viability of the tree at extremely low temperatures. Also, the pear is not afraid of drought. These properties of the culture can significantly expand the geography of its cultivation and contribute to the growth of its popularity among gardeners.

Popular by topic