Table of contents:

Raspberry Phenomenon: Description And Characteristics Of The Variety, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features + Photos And Reviews
Raspberry Phenomenon: Description And Characteristics Of The Variety, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features + Photos And Reviews

Video: Raspberry Phenomenon: Description And Characteristics Of The Variety, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features + Photos And Reviews

Video: Planting and trellising raspberry plants 2022, December
Anonim

Raspberry Phenomenon: how to plant and grow a good harvest

Raspberry
Raspberry

Phenomenon berries have a pronounced raspberry flavor and aroma, and have a universal purpose. Among others, under equal growing conditions, the variety stands out for its good yield, disease resistance, is not affected by the main pest of the crop - gall midge.

Content

  • 1 Variety description

    • 1.1 Video: fruiting raspberries Phenomenon in the garden
    • 1.2 Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table
  • 2 Landing features

    • 2.1 When to plant raspberries?
    • 2.2 Site selection
    • 2.3 Soil preparation
    • 2.4 Selection of seedlings
    • 2.5 Traditional planting method - rows
    • 2.6 Video: planting raspberries in separate bushes
  • 3 Nuances of care

    • 3.1 Top dressing and mulching
    • 3.2 Watering
    • 3.3 Cropping
    • 3.4 Preparing for winter
    • 3.5 Tying to trellises
  • 4 Diseases and pests

    • 4.1 Table: Variety-specific diseases
    • 4.2 Photo gallery: signs of disease
    • 4.3 Table: Raspberry Pests Phenomenon
    • 4.4 Photo gallery: raspberry pests
  • 5 Harvesting and storage
  • 6 Reviews of gardeners about the Phenomenon variety

Description of the variety

The phenomenon is able to surprise many with a rich harvest of large berries with a dessert taste. This variety deserves to be grown in every garden.

The raspberry bush is spreading, needs a garter. Shoots are high, can grow up to three meters, covered with thorns. The phenomenon produces shoots in sufficient quantity for rapid reproduction. The replacement shoots are also actively growing. The leaves of the plant are large, dark green, whitish, pubescent below.

Raspberry Phenomenon
Raspberry Phenomenon

The berries are bright red, large, elongated

The variety belongs to the mid-season. Flowering begins in May, the first berries ripen in the second half of June, mass fruiting occurs in July. The berries of the Phenomenon are elongated, conical, but in the first year after planting they can be round. The weight of the very first large fruits can reach 12 g, the average weight is 5-10 g.

The berries are dense, but juicy, the seeds are felt in the drupes. The taste is sweet with sourness, the aroma is pronounced raspberry.

Video: fruiting raspberries Phenomenon in the garden

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table

Advantages disadvantages
  • Saplings take root easily and quickly;
  • the plant tolerates both hot summer (drought-resistant) and harsh winter;
  • dense berries retain their presentation during storage and transportation;
  • the purpose of berries is universal: for the market and for personal consumption fresh, in homemade preparations;
  • the variety is resistant to fungal diseases and is not affected by the main pest of raspberries - gall midge.
Susceptible to attack by raspberry beetle, spider mite, weevil.

Landing features

To grow an excellent harvest of raspberries, you need to select and prepare the site for planting correctly.

When to plant raspberries?

Raspberries are planted in spring, summer and autumn. It all depends on the specific climatic zone. If spring is short in your region, hot days come quickly, then it is better to postpone planting until autumn. In the northern regions, spring is protracted, summer is short, in autumn there are already snowfalls in September, which means that the best time for planting is spring.

To keep the raspberry plant clean, you have to dig out root shoots, and this is an excellent planting material. For this reason, raspberries are also planted in summer. Nevertheless, autumn is considered the most favorable for planting, especially since the Phenomenon takes root very quickly, it is frost-resistant. The plant overwinters well, and in spring it will grow very early, develop a powerful bush and give a tangible harvest in the first year.

Site selection

When choosing a site, do not forget that the height of the Phenomenon is up to 3 m. The shade and overgrowth from plantings will interfere with the development of other plants. It is better to place a raspberry tree along fences, buildings, on the border of orchards. Root shoots of raspberries oppress even currant bushes, not to mention strawberries and vegetables. The Phenomenon's best neighbors are apple trees, pears and plums, and its predecessors are currants, black chokeberries, gooseberries and vegetables, except for tomatoes and potatoes.

Raspberry The phenomenon is drought-resistant, loves sunny places, does not tolerate dampness. It is not worth planting in swampy or always wet areas, the roots may rot.

Soil preparation

For spring planting, it is recommended to prepare the soil in autumn, for autumn planting - in 1–1.5 months. The plot is dug up, carefully removing the roots of perennial weeds.

Fertilizer rates for raspberries per 1 m²:

  • 10–30 kg humus or compost, upper limit (30 kg) for sandy and clayey soils;
  • 40-50 g of potassium salt;
  • 60–80 g of superphosphate.

Selection of seedlings

The height of a standard seedling is 30–40 cm, the thickness of the stem is from 1 cm. Do not choose the tallest and thickest plants with a large number of leaves, they will not take root well. In the case of raspberries, the presence of leaves and buds on the stem is not an indicator of the quality of the planting material. Renewal buds are located on the rhizome, it is from there that young bushes will appear, which will bring the harvest. So pay more attention to the root. It should be well developed, powerful, branched. Thin roots dry out quickly in air; they must be wrapped with a damp cloth and polyethylene.

Raspberry planting material
Raspberry planting material

"Correct" raspberry seedlings have a developed root and 1-2 shoots no more than 30-40 cm high

The traditional planting method is in rows

Raspberries spread throughout the site not because of their natural harmfulness, they are looking for the best conditions for themselves. Therefore, you need to create them exactly in the place that is intended for the raspberry tree. Otherwise, your Phenomenon will go to your neighbors and delight them with the berry, not you.

  1. On a previously dug, fertilized and weed-free area, we make trenches 40 cm deep and 60 cm wide. The length of the trench is the length of your future raspberry tree, the number of trenches is the number of rows in it.
  2. At the bottom we put small branches, wood chips, fallen leaves, grass cuttings without seeds, etc. If fertilizers were not applied in advance, then we pour humus or compost (1-2 buckets per running meter), as well as superphosphate (100 g) and potash fertilizers (20-30 g).
  3. We again cover the trench with earth. Due to the drainage layer, the soil will rise by about 10 cm, but in 1-2 years it will return to its previous level.
  4. We level and tamp the trench (trample down).
  5. We make holes. The depth and width should match the size of the roots. The root collar cannot be buried, it is placed at the level of the soil, that is: as the raspberry grew in the same area, it must be planted at the same depth.
  6. The distance between the holes is 50 cm, after two years this gap will be overgrown with new shoots.
  7. We leave 2 m between the rows (trenches), so that it is convenient to pick berries, mow weeds and remove shoots that will grow in the aisles.
  8. We compact the soil around each seedling and form holes for irrigation. Our trench will turn into a ditch: in the center there are seedlings, and on the two long sides of the trench - bumpers made of earth.
  9. Water, even if the ground is wet. Water will help the soil fill any voids around the roots.
  10. We mulch the plantings with straw, sawdust and other breathable materials to retain moisture and friability.

Video: planting raspberries in separate bushes

The nuances of care

The first year after planting, you will have to watch more than care. There will be few root shoots and replacement shoots. There are no old woody stems to cut out yet. During this period, pay special attention to the soil, it must be clean from weeds, moist and loose.

Top dressing and mulching

Watch out for young shoots that appear. If they are weak and grow slowly, then you have poorly fertilized the soil before planting. Top dressing should be applied: for 10 liters of water, 30 g of ammonium nitrate, 40 g of potassium salt and 60 g of superphosphate. Pour 1 liter on one bush.

The root system of raspberries is located in the upper layer, therefore it is possible to loosen it only to a depth of 8–10 cm. And it is better to constantly put fresh mulch, weeds that are weeded before flowering are suitable. Then the soil will always be loose, in addition, nutrients from the rotted lower layer of mulch will begin to flow into it.

The fertilizer that was applied before planting will be enough for the Phenomenon for 2-4 years. You need to feed if you notice that the stems have become thinner, and the yield is decreasing. Then in the spring or autumn add a bucket of compost or humus, 100 g of superphosphate and 150 g of ash for every 1 m².

Watering

The phenomenon is drought-resistant, so it does not require frequent watering. The most important periods: spring (shoot growth), summer (flowering and berry growth), autumn (leaf fall). Water only when there is no rain.

Moisten with irrigation or under the root, arranging holes or furrows. In autumn, the soil must be leveled so that water does not accumulate near the bushes, and the roots do not rot.

Pruning

If raspberries grow in free-standing bushes, then leave 5-7 of the most powerful replacement shoots in each. When grown in rows, the optimum spacing between shoots is 7–10 cm to form a solid green wall. Everything else needs to be cut out. The sooner you remove excess shoots, the more nutrients the remaining shoots will receive, the more resistant the Phenomenon will be to adverse conditions, and the richer you will get the harvest.

Pruning of fruiting shoots
Pruning of fruiting shoots

Old shoots are easy to distinguish from young ones, they woody and dry out

Adjust the height of the raspberry plantation to your height for easy care and picking. In addition, pruning the tops stimulates the growth of lateral branches on the stem, and the brushes will grow larger. You can trim the tops of the heads both in autumn and spring, and during the summer, as soon as the raspberry has exceeded its allowed height.

In the fall, you need to cut out the fruit bearing shoots. By that time, they will stand out well against the general background. Old stems woody, become dry, brittle, and acquire a dark color. Sick and weak plants are also removed. Only healthy, well-developed, annual shoots should remain in the raspberry tree.

Preparing for winter

Activities start after the first frost.

  1. Cover the roots with a new layer or another layer of mulch.
  2. Remove the leaves from the raspberry, to do this, grasp each stem from the bottom with your hand in a top or glove and slide it up. You cannot lead in the opposite direction (from top to bottom), you will damage the kidneys. Remove the leaves so that, while in the shelter, they do not mute, rot and do not infect the raspberry with fungal diseases.
  3. Bend each shoot as close to the ground as possible. There are different ways to fix the stems: with the help of wire pins, sprinkling the tops of the heads with earth, pressing down with something heavy, etc.
  4. If raspberries grow in bushes, and not in rows, then tilt them towards each other and tie them together. The purpose of this whole operation is to make sure that the raspberries are under the snow in winter.
Preparing raspberries for winter
Preparing raspberries for winter

Raspberry bushes are bent to the ground and tied together

In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, the raspberries need to be freed from brackets and ropes, but do not rush to tie them to the trellis. It is necessary to let the leaves bloom, then it will become clear which shoots have wintered safely, and which ones have frozen, and they need to be cut out.

Garter for trellises

The raspberry trellis consists of pillars and ropes or wires stretched between them. Wooden pillars are dug in, sometimes the base is poured into the ground with concrete so that they do not tilt. The tree must first be varnished or treated with a special impregnation that protects against rotting.

It is easier to work with metal supports such as old water pipes. They need to be painted and driven into the ground. Twine or wire is pulled parallel between the posts every 50 cm, starting from the ground. Each shoot is tied to the trellis separately using staples, clamps, ropes, etc. These devices should not injure the trunk of the plant.

Another way to tie the garter is between parallel-stretched ropes. For this:

  1. First, tie one end to the post.
  2. Then the rope is pulled up to the second pillar, wrapped around it, returned to the first pillar and tied the second end in the same place as the first.
  3. Raspberry branches are wound between the rows of ropes and fixed.
  4. If the raspberry grows as a bush, then the shoots are distributed on the trellis in a fan, if in rows, then each is vertical.

Diseases and pests

The phenomenon is resistant to viral and bacterial infections. However, this variety can also get sick if:

  • the wrong place was chosen for the plantation (damp, shady);
  • infected plants grow nearby;
  • summer is cold and rainy;
  • the plant is not properly cared for.

Table: diseases characteristic of the variety

Symptoms Diagnosis Causes Prevention and treatment
  • Bushes do not grow, wither and die;
  • the leaves before this turn yellow, turn red or dry out, starting from the edges.
Late blight root rot
  • heavy soils,
  • poor drainage,
  • waterlogged area
  1. Use only healthy planting material.
  2. Choose the right place for the raspberry tree, where water will not stagnate.
  3. Dig up and burn dried plants.
  4. Treat the soil with the fungicide Ridamil Gold.
Brown spots first appear on the berries, and then a gray fluffy coating. Gray rot
  • damp weather,
  • thickened plantings
  1. Keep the soil loose and free from weeds.
  2. For prevention, treat with Hom before flowering (according to the instructions).
  3. Uproot and burn diseased bushes. Cut off the rest of the plants after harvesting, pull out the weeds, and burn it all.
  4. Stop watering.
  • Many thin and short twigs grow from one point;
  • yield decreases, sometimes raspberries stop bearing fruit altogether.
Bushiness, overgrowth, curliness, "Witch's Broom"
  • the virus is carried by insects: aphids and spider mites;
  • you can also infect with a tool during trimming
  1. Fight pests.
  2. Disinfect tools.
  3. Diseased plants are uprooted and burned.

Photo gallery: signs of disease

Late blight root rot
Late blight root rot

With late blight, the tissue under the epidermis of the root collar is brick-brown

Gray rot
Gray rot

When infected with gray rot, the berries are covered with a gray coating

Raspberry sprout
Raspberry sprout

From one point a lot of underdeveloped growth has grown

Table: Pests Raspberry Phenomenon

Signs Pest Control methods
  • Leaves turn yellow and fall off;
  • a cobweb is visible on the underside, and brown or orange dots on it;
  • weakened shoots do not tolerate winter well, freeze out.
Spider mite
  1. Remove excess shoots and shoots in a timely manner, the tick multiplies quickly in warm weather on thickened plantings.
  2. After harvesting, treat with Aktelik or Akrex preparations (according to the instructions).
  3. Spray Fufanon next spring (according to instructions).
  • Black beetle 2–3 mm long gnaws holes in buds, lays eggs there and gnaws at the stem at the base;
  • after a while the bud turns brown and falls to the ground;
  • raspberries look like they've been cut from berries.
Weevil
  1. To shake off beetles on the laid paper or cloth, to collect fallen buds from the ground.
  2. Spray the bushes to scare away with an infusion of garlic: 150 g of garlic, crush and insist in 10 liters of water for a day.
  3. Treat with Fufanon-nova preparations before and after flowering, Iskra M and Kemifos - before flowering and after harvesting.
  4. In the fall, remove the old mulch and lay a new one.
  • The beetle is gray, less often red, with dense hairs. The length of the insect is about 4 mm;
  • the pest feeds on nectar and weed pollen in spring, then lays eggs in raspberries;
  • worms are born when raspberries are ripe, live inside the berries, and feed on them.
Raspberry beetle
  1. At the end of May, treat with Fitoverm or Fufanon preparations (according to the instructions).
  2. Before flowering, spray with a solution of Inta-Vir (according to the instructions).

Photo gallery: raspberry pests

Spider mite
Spider mite

The leaves are covered with cobwebs, on which points are visible - ticks

Weevil
Weevil

The black beetle is easily recognizable by its long nose - the proboscis

Raspberry beetle
Raspberry beetle

Raspberry beetle larvae feed on ripe berries

Harvesting and storage

All ripe raspberries The phenomenon can be harvested in 5–6 samples. The yield of one bush is 6–8 kg. The berries are put in a wide and low container: boxes, basins, bowls. The pulp is dense, the fruits are easily separated from the fruit. Raspberries are distinguished by high commercial qualities, they can be stored at temperatures from 0 ºC to +3 ºC for a maximum of 5 days, they tolerate transportation very well. In this regard, the Phenomenon can be grown both for the market and for yourself.

Raspberry jam
Raspberry jam

Raspberry jam of the Phenomenon variety turns out to be beautiful and fragrant

The berry is dried, frozen, wine, liqueurs and liqueurs are prepared from it. But the most famous product from this berry is raspberry jam. Fruits in syrup retain their integrity, do not fall apart. The jam turns out to be beautiful, tasty and aromatic.

Reviews of gardeners about the variety Phenomenon

Despite the name, the Raspberry Phenomenon is not unique. But if you provide it with simple care, then the variety will surprise you with the beauty of the bushes during the fruiting period, and with a rich harvest, and the taste of berries. Well-groomed plantings are rarely infested with pests and diseases.

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