Table of contents:
- Repaired raspberry Taganka - a favorite berry without any extra effort
- Description of the remontant raspberry varieties Taganka
- Diseases and pests
- Harvesting and storage
- Reviews of raspberries Taganka
Video: Taganka Raspberry Variety: Description And Characteristics, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features With Photos, Videos And Reviews
Repaired raspberry Taganka - a favorite berry without any extra effort
Choosing fruit and berry bushes for their site, gardeners focus on plants that give an excellent harvest of tasty and aromatic fruits. These characteristics are perfectly combined in itself by the remontant raspberry of the Taganka variety, popular for more than forty years. A description of the rules of care will help gardeners grow a decent harvest.
1 Description of the remontant raspberry variety Taganka
1.1 Table: pros and cons of the variety
- 2.1 Choice of place and time
- 2.2 Selection of planting material
- 2.3 Planting: Step by Step Process
- 3.1 Top dressing
- 3.2 Watering
- 3.3 Cropping
- 3.4 Preparing for winter
- 3.5 Video: features of caring for remontant raspberries
4 Diseases and pests
- 4.1 Table: diseases and pests of raspberries
- 4.2 Photo gallery: what can hit raspberries
- 5 Harvesting and storage
- 6 Reviews about raspberry Taganka
Description of the remontant raspberry varieties Taganka
Taganka is a large-fruited remontant raspberry variety. The plants are tall, but not very spreading. Shoots reach 2 m in height, on the lower part of them there are thorns. On young stems, the thorns are much more tender. Usually in one bush there are up to ten branches.
Young shoots are light brown in color with a slight brown tint. Branches over two years old are brown. The berries are large, conical, dark red in color. The drupe is small. The juicy pulp has a delicate, soft, sweet taste. There are individual berries weighing up to 23 g. However, the average size of fruits is 4-12 g.
Raspberry Taganka - large-fruited remontant variety
In June, the fruits ripen on the shoots planted last year. And in August, berries are harvested on the tops of the branches that have appeared this season. If in the southern regions two crops are stably harvested, then for central Russia, experienced gardeners recommend only one harvest (only on annual shoots in August-September).
Table: pros and cons of the variety
|The roots can withstand frosts down to -30 o C.||Difficulty in reproduction by conventional methods, since the variety produces few root suckers.|
|High-yielding.||Decrease in yield and quality of berries during prolonged drought.|
|Resistant to major raspberry diseases and pests.|
|The fruits are long and firmly held on the branches. Berry picking can be done once a week.|
|Thorns are thornless.|
For the active development and growth of the plant, as well as obtaining a high yield, it is necessary to follow the planting rules.
Choosing a place and time
Taganka will feel great in a well-lit sunny area, protected from strong winds and drafts. This can be the area along the southern or southwestern side of the fence, the wall of a house or outbuildings. The soil should be good for air and water. Soil with a high acidity level is not suitable for raspberries.
Gardeners advise planting raspberries next to buildings
When preparing the holes between the bushes of one row, you need to leave about 0.7 m of free space, and maintain a distance of 1.5 m between the rows. It is recommended to plant Taganka in the fall (3 weeks before frost). Then the young shoots will have time to take root and survive the winter without loss.
The choice of planting material
Saplings Taganka have a fragile appearance in comparison with other remontant varieties. But they have excellent survival rate, moreover, they are distinguished by active growth. Before buying a bush, you need to consider the appearance of the roots. They should be free of mechanical damage and symptoms of any disease.
When buying a seedling, you must very carefully examine the roots.
Planting: a step-by-step process
Compliance with a few simple rules will ensure active development of the seedling.
- Dip the root system of the plant in a clay mash.
- Make a mound of earth in the prepared furrow and gently spread the roots of the raspberry bush.
- Make sure that the root collar of the bush is not covered with earth, but remains flush with the garden bed.
- Fill the furrows with soil and compact it well.
- Pour 1 bucket of water under each bush.
- Add a 5 cm layer of rotted manure or compost mulch to the furrows.
After planting the seedlings, the earth is tamped, watered and mulched
The main care consists in the timely removal of weeds, loosening the earth, watering and feeding.
A year after planting, raspberry bushes require feeding with organic fertilizers: a solution of rotted manure (diluted with water 1:10) or bird droppings (1:20) at the rate of 10 liters per 1 m 2. Such feeding is carried out no more than three times during the whole season. In addition to organic matter, Taganka also needs mineral fertilizers. Lack of potassium and phosphorus is expressed by crushing leaves and frailty shoots. The situation can be corrected by introducing 50 g of superphosphate and potash per 1 m 2.
Raspberries need nitrogen. In early spring, as soon as the snow melts, it is recommended to feed with urea (40 g per running meter), and in the fall (you can once every two years) add 10-15 g of superphosphate and potassium salt to the same area. If the height of the raspberry branches exceeds 2 meters, the amount of nitrogen in the next season should be reduced.
When growing raspberries for two harvests, it is necessary to apply twice (before each flowering) complex fertilizers, which include nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium (for example, 2-3 tablespoons of nitroammophoska per 1 running meter)
Complex fertilization will help to get two crops of raspberries
Stagnation of water for Taganka raspberries is extremely undesirable. However, watering it when the berries are tied and the harvest ripens is necessary. Lack of water in dry and hot summers will have a negative impact on the quality and quantity of berries. Watering raspberries is carried out twice a week in the morning or in the evening in prepared grooves (furrows) at the rate of 30 liters per bush.
Since remontant raspberries are grown both as a perennial crop and as an annual crop, pruning is carried out in different ways.
In the first case, it is planned to carry out two berry picks per season (in the summer - on two-year branches, in the fall - on the shoots of the first year of life) and in late autumn, after the end of fruiting, they are pruned:
- the upper part of annual shoots, on which there were berries;
- branches of the second year, which have already borne fruit;
- young and weak shoots that cannot survive the winter.
In early spring, the tops of the branches are cut
Already at the beginning of summer, berries will appear on two-year-old shoots. The autumn harvest will be formed on the shoots of the current year. This method of growing and pruning remontant raspberries has a drawback, which is especially important for areas with an early onset of cold weather: the raspberry bush gives up many nutrients to the ripening of the first harvest, which delays the receipt of the second harvest berries. To speed up this process, an increased amount of fertilizer is required.
Therefore, in the middle and northern latitudes of Russia, it is recommended to harvest one crop, but worthy. In this case, the raspberries are cut in November. This late pruning is due to the fact that the harvest continues until frost, and even after the end of this process, branch growth continues. If you cut off the shoots in a warm season, this can cause new buds to appear.
Pruning of remontant raspberries is carried out above the surface of the ground
Sanitary pruning of raspberries in springtime consists in removing damaged and shriveled parts of the branches to the first healthy bud. In order for the main branches to receive sufficient nutrition, the excess root growth must be cut out.
Preparing for winter
If, after the end of fruiting, the raspberries are cut off, then there will be enough snow to protect the roots from frost. In winters with little snow, mulching with a 10-centimeter layer of humus will protect raspberries from the cold.
If the raspberry shoots were not cut for the winter, bend them to the ground, press them down with a board or wooden shield and cover with straw, dry foliage or spruce branches. This will help the shoots to survive the frost.
Video: features of caring for remontant raspberries
Diseases and pests
The Taganka variety is known for its resistance to diseases and pests of raspberries, but additional measures can protect the raspberry from various ailments.
Table: diseases and pests of raspberries
|Name||Description||Ways to fight||Protective measures|
|Anthracnose||Curling and deformation of leaves. The appearance of dark grayish spots on them, the spread of which can cause the death of raspberries.||Before flowering, spray the shoots with a solution of Bordeaux mixture (0.3 kg per 10 liters of water) for 2 weeks.||
|Root cancer||It is characterized by the appearance of small growths on the roots. As a result, the leaves turn yellow and fall off prematurely, the yield is sharply reduced.||Before planting the shoots, treat the roots with a solution of 1% copper sulfate (0.1 kg per 10 liters of water).||Before planting, you must carefully examine the roots for the presence of root cancer. If signs of disease are detected, all affected areas should be removed, and then the root system should be dipped in a clay mash.|
|Powdery mildew||The first sign is the appearance of a white loose bloom. Then the leaves dry out, fall off. The quality of the fruit and the yield decrease.||Spray with 1% solution of copper sulfate or Fitosporin (1.5 tbsp. L. Per 1 bucket of water) three times per season: the first time - in the spring before the start of the growing season, twice - during the flowering season with an interval of 14 days.||Mulch the soil in spring.|
|Raspberry beetle||The ovaries, leaves and flowers of raspberries are affected. The larvae gnaw at the fruit. The berries become smaller and begin to rot.||During the growing season and before the destruction of the pest completely, with an interval of 2 weeks, spray the shrub with Fitoverm, Decis, Confidor preparations (according to the instructions) or 0.2% solution of Karbofos.||Do not plant next to regular raspberries.|
|Sprouting raspberry aphid||The leaves and the tops of the branches are curled. Aphids suck nourishing juices from the plant, which contributes to its death.||Before the flowers appear, treat the raspberry with Fufanon and Fitoverm preparations according to the recommendations for use.||Remove and burn all diseased parts of the branches.|
Photo gallery: what can hit raspberries
Raspberry beetle larvae gnaw berries
Twisting of leaves and tops of shoots is the first sign of the appearance of raspberry aphids
Anthracnose leads to plant death
Raspberry root growth can be a sign of cancer
White bloom on the leaves indicates the appearance of powdery mildew.
Harvesting and storage
Taganka berries ripen by mid-August. Fruiting lasts a month or more. Productivity - about 5 kg per bush. If the autumn is warm, then the fruits can be harvested until early December. The berries are well transported and retain their excellent taste characteristics in the refrigerator for several days.
Large sweet berries Taganka can be harvested before frost
The most delicious and healthy is fresh berries. But to preserve the aroma and taste of summer for the winter, freezing, canning, making juice, wine, jam will help.
Reviews of raspberries Taganka
Knowing the basic rules for planting and growing remontant Taganka raspberries will allow you to achieve an excellent harvest without unnecessary effort. A large-fruited frost-resistant variety can take its rightful place in your garden.