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How To Choose A Persimmon That Does Not Knit Correctly: Ripe, Sweet, Tasty, Dried, King Or Sharon + Photo And Video
How To Choose A Persimmon That Does Not Knit Correctly: Ripe, Sweet, Tasty, Dried, King Or Sharon + Photo And Video
Anonim

How to choose the right persimmon, correctly determining its quality and degree of maturity

Persimmon, cut and whole
Persimmon, cut and whole

With the onset of late autumn, a winter berry - persimmon - appears on the shelves of Russian markets. Sweet fruits of a beautiful orange color instantly attract the attention of buyers who prefer this juicy and healthy delicacy, which contains a huge amount of vitamins that are so necessary in winter. However, when trying persimmons, many are faced with an astringent sensation in the mouth that can spoil the positive impression of the purchase, because not everyone knows how to choose the right fruits, which differ in a variety of varieties.

Content

  • 1 What is persimmon and what are its beneficial properties

    1.1 Video: useful properties of persimmons

  • 2 What varieties can be found on store shelves
  • 3 How to choose the right persimmon

    • 3.1 Features of the choice of persimmon variety Korolek
    • 3.2 How to choose the right tasty and sweet fruit that does not knit: video
    • 3.3 What persimmon should not be bought
    • 3.4 Dried persimmons. How to choose the right one
  • 4 How to store properly after purchase

What is persimmon and what are its beneficial properties

The beauty of persimmon is often called the "heart apple", "orange sun" and "food of the gods" for its amazing taste and benefits to the human body. These fruits can be safely attributed to the subtropical species that prefer to grow in warm climates. Currently, over three hundred varieties of this plant are known, which have various shades of taste, ranging from rich tart to sugary sweet.

persimmon
persimmon

Persimmon is a tasty and healthy fruit

The maximum healing power of the plant manifests itself in November - December. However, on store shelves, you can most often find an immature type with a smaller amount of nutrients. For this reason, when buying, it is advisable to give preference to the most ripe pods, which are distinguished by a sweeter taste and are able to give the maximum benefit to your health.

persimmon tree
persimmon tree

Persimmon trees can grow up to 30 meters

Unripe fruits are known for their tart taste, which is present due to the high content of tannin, which disappears during the ripening of the berry. It is thanks to tannin that this plant manages to protect its "seeds" from premature eating them by birds, animals and microorganisms.

The benefits of persimmon have been known since ancient times, because it was this berry that was famous for its amazing properties that could protect a person from colds. Due to the content of vitamins of groups A, C, P in it, it was considered an excellent immuno-strengthening agent, which also allows you to preserve the youthfulness of the skin, reduce the likelihood of cancer, and also increase the body's resistance several times.

In addition, ripe fruits contain a lot of pectin, which helps to cope with digestive disorders. The large amount of dietary fiber contained in this berry can effectively restore bowel function. In addition to calcium, magnesium, iron, tannins, iodine, phosphorus and potassium, it contains antioxidants that make it possible for a person to prolong youth. And the high glucose content allows you to take care of the health of the cardiovascular system. By consuming one fruit a day regularly, you can overcome accumulated fatigue, improve performance and calm the nervous system. However, you should not abuse persimmon.

persimmon is good for the human body
persimmon is good for the human body

Persimmon contains many useful vitamins and elements

Video: useful properties of persimmons

What varieties can be found on store shelves

Despite the large number of varieties of fruits on the shelves of Russian stores, you can find only a part of them with the most attractive taste. One of the favorite varieties of this product is Korolkovaya persimmon, famous for its special sweetness. This group includes such well-known varieties as:

  • Kinglet,
  • Hiakume,
  • Gately,
  • Zenji-Maru.

One of the most common varieties of persimmons of the Korolkov family is Hyakume, which is distinguished by very large and beautiful, slightly oblong fruits, weighing 250 g, and the color intensity varies from light yellow to brown. The pulp of this variety is very delicate and sweet in taste, and its color resembles chocolate, which is why this variety is often confused with the Zenji-Maru variety. The dense and smooth skin of this variety is the key to successful transportation and long storage. In addition, acquiring even unripe fruits, you will not feel the tart taste.

Persimmon Hyakume
Persimmon Hyakume

Persimmon variety Hyakume

The Zenji-Maru persimmon variety is practically indistinguishable in most characteristics from the Hyakume variety, with the exception of the presence of a darker chocolate pulp. The taste of this fruit is even sweeter, and the number of seeds is also very large, which indicates a higher level of taste of this product. This persimmon grows in areas where the air temperature does not drop below +15 degrees Celsius.

Persimmon variety Zenji-Maru
Persimmon variety Zenji-Maru

Persimmon variety Zenji-Maru

As a result of crossing persimmon with an apple tree, it was possible to obtain Apple varieties, no less interesting and beloved by many Russians, the most famous of which is Sharon. Its subtle aroma, containing notes characteristic of quince and apricot fruits, is combined with extraordinary juiciness and amazing taste. The pulp of this hybrid variety, even when fully ripe, remains firm and bright orange. In addition, you will not find seeds in these fruits.

persimmon sharon
persimmon sharon

Persimmon variety Sharon is famous for its lack of seeds

The largest fruit sizes, varieties of Eastern or Japanese persimmon are famous. One tree can endow its owners with 500 kg of harvest, while having a height of no more than 10 meters.

Japanese persimmon
Japanese persimmon

Japanese persimmon is famous for its very large fruits

In addition to heat-loving varieties, there are also frost-resistant varieties that enjoy special respect among Russian gardeners. These include:

  • Virginian, or American,
  • Russian woman,
  • Mount Hoverla,
  • Mount Roman-Kosh.

Virginia persimmon is a fairly large tree, about 25 m high, capable of withstanding subzero temperatures without the need for shelter within -35 C. The fruits of this variety are small in size, from 2 to 6 cm in diameter and tasty pulp.

Virgin persimmon
Virgin persimmon

Virginia persimmon variety

The variety Rossiyanka, first bred in Crimea, also has very small fruits. A luxurious tree about 4–5 meters high gives beautiful, slightly flattened berries with a waxy coating. The weight of each of them can be equal to 70 g. This type ripens by the end of October, and in November its fruits become very soft. Unripe specimens have an astringent effect, and the field of reaching ripeness, this persimmon becomes cloying, and its pulp reaches the consistency of jelly.

persimmon Russian woman
persimmon Russian woman

Persimmon variety Russian woman

The Gora Hoverla variety has large fruits, weighing 270 g, and its flesh is distinguished by its burgundy color and excellent taste. The ripening period of the crop falls at the end of October, and the trees themselves are able to withstand frosts down to -24 o C.

persimmon Mountain Goverla
persimmon Mountain Goverla

Persimmon variety Goverla Mountain

Persimmon Gora Roman-Kosh gives its admirers yellow fruits, ready for consumption in early November. The advantage of these berries is their long shelf life, allowing you to enjoy their excellent taste until January.

Persimmon Mountain Roman-Kosh
Persimmon Mountain Roman-Kosh

Persimmon variety Mountain Roman-Kosh

How to choose the right persimmon

When choosing persimmons, most buyers tend to purchase sweet, non-astringent fruits of sufficient ripeness. It should be remembered that sweetness depends not only on its ripening, but also on the variety. The sweetest in taste is a representative of the Korolkov family, while maintaining the firmness of the pulp.

However, if it is not ripe, there is always a chance to experience an astringent effect when consumed.

Wanting to buy a ripe and tasty lacquer, it is enough to pay attention to several factors that indicate its complete readiness for consumption.

  1. The color of ripe fruits has a rich red-orange hue. If you have fruits with a light orange color in front of you, this indicates that they are not ripe.
  2. Ripe persimmon has a thin and smooth, slightly translucent skin, which gives the fruit a certain resemblance to amber.
  3. A distinctive feature of the sweet fruit is also thin dry stripes on the skin, located in a circular pattern.

    Persimmon with stripes
    Persimmon with stripes

    A sign of a sweet persimmon is such stripes.

  4. When choosing a persimmon, you should pay attention to its elasticity. Very hard fruits are likely to be unripe, and too soft, cracking in the hands, will certainly be very sweet, but overripe.

The amniotic leaves, which should have a dark color and be dried, can indicate sufficiently ripe persimmon fruits. If you lift them up and see a brown tint in this area, you can be sure that you have fully ripe fruit in your hand. You will notice a bright orange color under the leaves of the unripe fruit.

amniotic persimmon leaves
amniotic persimmon leaves

Amniotic persimmon leaves must be dry

Looking at the stalk, you can determine in what state of ripeness the persimmon fruits were removed from the tree. A dried stalk indicates that the persimmon was removed in a completely ready-to-eat state, and the fruits with a not quite dried stalk were removed in advance and ripened already during transportation and storage. Such persimmon will be less aromatic, however, its taste will still be at its best.

Features of the choice of persimmon variety Korolek

If you have to choose a persimmon belonging to the Korolkov family, you need to pay attention to additional features that are characteristic of these varieties. Looking at the section of the fruit shown by the seller, make sure that there are formed seeds in it, which are a sign of pollination. It is these fruits, characterized by a brownish tint of pulp, that will have the sweetest taste. Dustless Kinglet, despite its excellent properties, may have excessive astringency.

persimmon Korolek cutaway
persimmon Korolek cutaway

Persimmon Korolek cutaway

Traditionally, the skin of the ripe fruit of this variety has a reddish-dark shade and a unique aroma. The pulp has a large number of dark brown veins, while being distinguished by its elasticity.

One of the signs of overripe is the excessive softness of the fruit. Such persimmon literally falls apart in the hands, showing a pulp that resembles jam in consistency. Overripe fruits cannot be stored for a long time, and they should be eaten with great care.

overripe persimmon
overripe persimmon

Overripe persimmon is too soft.

How to choose the right tasty and sweet fruit that does not knit: video

What persimmon is not worth buying

When choosing a fruit in markets and on store shelves, carefully evaluate the appearance of the product and refuse to purchase the one whose fruits are damaged. Under the conditions of transportation, the shelf life of this product is from 1.5 to 4 months. However, improper storage can provoke the appearance of black and gray rot on the fruits, which can affect even unripe fruits. The problem is that the disease cannot be detected during the harvesting process. The first signs of rot become noticeable only at the stage of storage and maturation.

rotten persimmon
rotten persimmon

Rotten persimmon is not suitable for consumption

One of the main signs of rot is the appearance of black dots with a pronounced border. Over time, they become more and more, and their diameter increases markedly. Usually, fruits with various mechanical damage are susceptible to damage to gray rot.

Also, one of the defects of persimmon, having found which it is desirable to refuse to buy, is its chilling. Such fruits are distinguished by the presence of a dark brown color, their calyx is easily separated, and the flesh becomes more watery.

frostbitten persimmon
frostbitten persimmon

Frozen persimmon

Overripe persimmons are also not suitable for consumption, suffering from diseases such as anthracnose, penicillosis, cladosprirosis and rhizoctonia caused by violation of storage conditions.

Dried persimmon. How to choose the right one

Dried persimmon has a magnificent and exquisite taste reminiscent of figs. For its preparation, they usually use elastic fruits, without seeds. The cooking process includes peeling and cutting its fruits into small pieces, which are dried at a temperature of 45 C.

dried persimmon
dried persimmon

Dried persimmon tastes great

Dried persimmons are excellently stored and have no astringent effect. When choosing this product, pay attention to one essential nuance. Dried persimmon must have a uniform white bloom. If you run your finger over the dried persimmon, you notice that the plaque is wearing off, in no case buy such a product, they are trying to deceive you by sprinkling the fruit with flour or starch.

The real bloom is sugar that has emerged on the fruit during the drying process, which is almost impossible to erase. When buying, you should give preference to soft dry fruits resembling rubber.

How to store correctly after purchase

  • After purchasing a persimmon, it is necessary to provide the right conditions for its storage. Freshly bought ripe and tender fruits can be put in the refrigerator with other products, however, it is advisable to use the purchased one within three days.
  • By placing the persimmon in a lower temperature of 0 degrees Celsius, and ensuring the humidity is 90%, persimmons can be stored for 2-3 months. At a lower moisture level, the fruit will begin to shrivel, and a higher moisture percentage will lead to rot.
  • You can also use quick freeze using the freezer. This storage method will relieve the fruits of astringency and allow them to be stored for 6 months. However, the pulp of thawed persimmons is too soft. And the defrosting process itself is desirable to be carried out at room temperature, by placing them in cold water.
  • When storing in closets, loggias or cellars, you need to take care of regular ventilation. For this, it is convenient to use boxes in which the fruits are laid in two layers, using shavings as a softening packaging material. The bottom layer of the fruit should be placed with the cup down and the top cup up.
  • In addition to the methods described, persimmons can also be stored dried and dried. However, it is not recommended to cook it, since under the influence of high temperatures, its pulp can acquire a tart taste.

Having learned how to choose the right persimmon, focusing on the characteristics of its varieties, you will never be disappointed in the perfect purchase. This beautiful, juicy and healthy fruit will become a real decoration of the table, generously endowing you with many vitamins and trace elements, especially necessary in the winter season. Providing the required storage conditions for persimmon, you can enjoy its unique taste for several months.

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