Table of contents:
- Rogneda pear: an early ripening aromatic culture in the garden
- Description and distinctive features of Rogned pear
- Advantages and disadvantages
- Key features of tree planting (with photo)
- Plant care
- Possible diseases and pests
- Recommendations for harvesting and storing crops
- Gardeners reviews
Video: Pear Rogneda: Description And Characteristics Of The Variety, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features + Photos And Reviews
Rogneda pear: an early ripening aromatic culture in the garden
Rogneda pear is an early autumn variety with high winter hardiness, which is widely known among gardeners. It is highly prized for its juicy, sweet fruit, which has a typical southern flavor. And thanks to its frost resistance, the tree adapts well to unfavorable climatic conditions.
- 1 Description and distinctive features of the Rogned pear
2 Advantages and disadvantages
2.1 Table: positive and negative characteristics of the variety
3 Key features of tree planting (with photo)
3.1 Video: tree planting master class
4 Plant care
- 4.1 Rules for watering and loosening the soil
- 4.2 Table: pear watering schedule
- 4.3 Fertilization
- 4.4 Table: applying top dressing for a pear
- 4.5 Crown shaping
- 4.6 Measures to prepare for the winter period
- 4.7 Video: how to prepare a fruit tree for winter?
5 Potential diseases and pests
- 5.1 Photo gallery: typical diseases of the variety
- 5.2 Table: pests attacking Rogneda
- 5.3 Photo Gallery: Cultural Parasites
- 6 Recommendations for harvesting and storage of crops
- 7 Reviews of gardeners
Description and distinctive features of Rogned pear
Pear Rogneda - a fast-growing variety of domestic selection
Rogneda is the result of crossing the Forest Beauty pears and Tyoma pears. In 1997, testing of the variety was started, and in 2001 the culture was entered in the State Register and recommended for cultivation in the middle lane. Rogneda was most widespread in the Kaluga and Moscow regions.
The characteristic features for this variety are as follows:
- The pear is medium-sized with a small oval or pyramidal crown. It grows up to 4 m.
- The buds wake up well, but the growth branches develop slowly. Fruiting is concentrated on the ringlets.
- Shoots are slightly curved, covered with green-brown bark. Lentils are small in size, have an elongated shape. The buds are short and take the shape of a cone.
- The leaves are dark green in color, the edges are framed with denticles. The plates are obovate, average size. Stipules are small.
- The fruits are round, their weight is 100-140 g. The skin is thin, has a smooth glossy surface. Ripe pears become light yellow in color. Some fruits develop a red blush as a result of exposure to sunlight. The surface of the pears is covered with subcutaneous punctures.
- The stalks are short and thick. The funnel is shallow, the calyx is slightly open.
- The pulp is quite juicy with a moderate density, has a slightly oily structure, and is colored beige and white. The taste of pears is sweet, the acid is almost not felt, the assessment of taste characteristics reaches 4.2 points out of 5.
The peculiarity of Rogneda is the nutmeg aroma, which resembles the scent of southern pears. The first fruits ripen in 3-4 years. Winter hardiness of the variety allows you to get a good harvest (50–100 kg) even in Siberia. The tree bears fruit for 15–20 years.
Advantages and disadvantages
The Rogneda pear is winter hardiness and endurance, but has a tendency to fall off fruits
The Rogneda variety has a significant number of positive properties. However, there are also disadvantages that you should be aware of before starting to cultivate a tree in your garden.
Table: positive and negative characteristics of the variety
|High yield level||Periodic fruiting|
|Early maturity||Fruit shedding tendency|
|Winter hardiness||Inexpressive color of pears, which reduces their presentation|
|High taste indicators|
|Scab and fruit rot resistant|
Key features of tree planting (with photo)
For planting Rogneda, it is advisable to plant pollinating trees nearby
Rogneda can self-pollinate, but this ability depends on the height of the flowering stamens and their tendency to self-pollinate. In some cases, the sterility of the pollen is observed, and therefore it is recommended to additionally pollinate the pear. For this purpose, the variety Memory Anzina, Milada, Vidnaya and Chizhovskaya is suitable.
The requirements for choosing a location are as follows:
- The tree is planted in sunny, ventilated areas.
- Rogneda prefers a loose, air-permeable substrate with an acidity of pH 5.6–6. Therefore, it is recommended to choose sandy loam or loamy soils for planting, but clay soil is also allowed.
- The groundwater level at the site should not rise above 2–2.5 m. It is undesirable to use lowlands for planting. In such places, the groundwater is too close to the surface.
Planting occurs in the spring at the end of April or early May, as well as in the fall at the beginning of October. The latter option is more preferable for the southern regions. For plants planted in autumn, root formation is more intense. In addition, the moisture accumulated by this time in the soil contributes to the good survival of the tree and accelerates its development. However, these seedlings are more difficult to keep away from pests and strong winds, which can dry out the plant.
The further success of tree cultivation depends on the choice of a seedling.
When choosing a seedling, you need to carefully examine the stem, root system and shoots. The criteria by which a suitable planting material is determined are as follows:
- There should be no damage, cracks or build-ups on the surface of the pear.
- The trunk of a healthy tree is at least 1.5 cm thick.
- The stem must be flat.
- Biennial seedlings have three to four lateral branches 30-40 cm long, one-year plants may be without branching.
- A healthy root system consists of three to five roots at least 25 cm in size.
The pear is planted in loam or sandy loam soil
The process of planting a Rogned pear looks like this:
- First, they dig a hole and fill it with a fertile composition in advance. For autumn planting, this is done in 3-4 weeks, and for spring planting - in the fall. The soil is prone to subsidence and if the plant is placed in a freshly dug hole, it will be pulled into the ground too deep. Therefore, the preparation is done in advance.
- For a pear, a pit 80 cm deep and 100-120 cm in diameter is required. The top layer of soil is mixed with two buckets of humus and 150 g of potassium sulfate or 800 g of ash. In soil with high acidity, 0.5 kg of slaked lime per 1 m 2 is preliminarily added, it is distributed evenly over the surface, then buried by 20 cm.When planting pears in sandy soil, three buckets of peat are introduced into the pit, and when using clay soil, two buckets of sand.
- If the plant has dry roots, they must be cut off, then the root system should be immersed in water for 6-8 hours.
- Before planting, the seedling is treated with a clay talker. For its preparation, 0.1 g of the drug Heteroauxin is diluted in 10 liters of water. After that, clay and peat are added in equal parts, bringing the composition to a creamy consistency. The root system of the pear is dipped into this mixture.
- A mound is formed in a pit from a nutrient substrate. 20–30 cm recede from the middle and a peg is driven in.
- A seedling is placed on a mound, the roots are smoothed and covered with soil, the root collar is placed 5 cm above the ground.
- A hole 35–40 cm in diameter and 10 cm in depth is dug around the trunk, 2-3 buckets of water are poured into it.
- The soil is mulched with humus or peat. The seedling is fixed to the peg with a twine.
Video: tree planting master class
The pear yield depends on many factors, in particular, watering, feeding, crown molding, etc. Therefore, gardeners should pay attention to basic agricultural practices in order to remove a bountiful and tasty harvest from the tree.
Rules for watering and loosening the soil
Watering pears is a mandatory step in tree care
With a moisture deficit, the roots of the tree cannot fully absorb nutrients, which negatively affects fruiting and slows down the development of the plant. Therefore, watering is a mandatory step in the care.
Water is fed into special grooves 15 cm deep, which are dug along the projection of the crown. After the end of the procedure, the holes are covered with earth. The near-trunk area is loosened, weeds are removed, and then mulched.
Table: pear watering schedule
|Period||Water rate per tree|
|In the spring||20-40 l|
|In the third decade of June||50 l|
|At the end of July|
|In October||150-200 l|
|Before flowering||50-60 l|
|20 days after the first watering|
|At the stage of fruit ripening|
|In autumn, during the fall of leaves||150-200 l|
Top dressing is necessary for a tree to form a large crop
The formation of the crop is influenced not only by watering, but also by fertilization. Timely feeding will allow the tree to form a high-quality crop, as well as protect against diseases. But you should adhere to a certain scheme so as not to harm the culture.
Table: applying dressings for a pear
|Feeding time||Nutrients||Nutrient content per plant|
|In the last decade of April||urea or manure is introduced into the trunk circle||For a young pear||For a fruiting pear|
|100 g urea or 3 buckets of humus||10 buckets of organic matter or 500 g of urea|
|At the initial stage of flowering||50 g superphosphate, 40 g potassium sulfate, 1 liter of liquid manure per 10 liters of water||10-15 l||40-50 l|
|40 g of potassium sulfate, 50 g of superphosphate, 50 ml of Ideal preparation per 10 l|
|After the flowers fall||500 g nitrophoska, 1 g sodium humate per 10 l||30 l|
|After harvesting pears||Potassium sulfate and superphosphate are scattered around the tree||300 g of each substance|
Step-by-step instructions for pruning a pear crown
Every spring, before the buds awaken, pear pruning is carried out. In regions with a warm climate, the procedure is performed in the first half of March, but in cold areas it is recommended to postpone it until early April. Pruning is carried out for the purpose of thinning and forming the crown, which has a positive effect on fruiting.
Some gardeners carry out this procedure in the summer. But the need for such pruning is controversial. Together with the branches in the summer, the leaves are also removed, which are responsible for the nutrition of the pear.
In autumn in September, damaged and dry branches are cut. Work is carried out using a pruner and a saw. The pruning scheme is as follows:
- An annual seedling is shortened at a height of 50-60 cm from the ground. This will encourage the development of branches from the lower buds.
- In a plant aged 2–3 years, the central conductor is cut off to a quarter of the length. Also, the four most developed shoots are left, extending from the trunk at an angle of 45 °.
- Excess branches are cut into a ring. Shoots with ovaries are given a horizontal position. The rest of the branches are bent and fixed in this state with a twine.
Further pruning is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Branches located at an acute angle are removed, as they often break. They also eliminate shoots growing upward and into the crown.
- The conductor is shortened by ¼ part, and young growths are cut by a third. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the fruit buds, from which flowers and fruits are formed, are not removed. Do not leave the hemp in the pruning process.
- When removing branches thicker than 3 cm, they are filed first from the bottom, and then from above. This will prevent damage to the bark.
It is prepared from 400 g of ghee or vegetable oil and a similar amount of rosin. The components are melted over low heat until smooth, then cooled and transferred to a jar, which is tightly closed with a lid.
Measures to prepare for the winter period
Simple care measures will allow the pear to easily endure the winter
Preparation of pears for winter begins after the leaves fall. To do this, you should perform the following work:
- The near-trunk circle is cleaned of plant residues, autumn watering is carried out, then the soil is dug up and covered with a layer of sawdust 20 cm thick.
- If there are damaged areas on the surface of the tree, they must be cut off to healthy wood, then these places should be treated with copper sulfate and garden varnish.
- You also need to remove dead bark, lichens and mosses.
- After that, the trunk and skeletal branches are treated with a special compound that prevents pests from damaging the pear. For this, you can use a mixture based on clay and mullein (1: 1).
- It is recommended to wrap the trunks of young trees with sacking to protect the plants from frost.
Video: how to prepare a fruit tree for winter?
Possible diseases and pests
Rogneda pear is not affected by scab and fruit rot. However, there are a number of diseases that are dangerous for this tree.
|Powdery mildew||A plaque forms on leaves, flowers, fruits and shoots, which initially has a gray-white color, and then becomes reddish.||
||Digging soil around the tree to a level of 20 cm.|
|Sooty fungus (rabble)||A thick black coating forms on fruits, ringlets and leaves. At first, the fungus forms spots, which subsequently grow together.||Spraying with Fitoverm solution (4 ml per 2 liters of water).||
|Rust||The disease manifests itself in the form of the formation of red-brown or orange pads (pustules) on the foliage of the pear. Subsequently, the infection spreads to the petioles and fruits.||
Photo gallery: typical diseases of the variety
Powdery mildew appears as a white coating
Rust appears as orange ulcers on the leaves.
Sooty fungus forms a black coating on the leaves
Table: pests attacking Rogneda
|Pests||Signs||Ways to fight||Preventive measures|
|Pear mite||Insects suck sap from the leaf plates, which leads to the formation of blisters.||At the stage of leaf blooming, spraying with a solution of colloidal sulfur (100 g per 10 l).||Removal of dead bark, destruction of leaves in the fall.|
|Slimy sawfly||The pest scrapes off the pulp on the upper side of the leaves, as a result of which they turn brown and dry out.||After harvesting the fruits and after 2 weeks, treatment with Chlorophos or Karbofos (20 g per 10 l).||Deep digging of soil.|
|Leaf roll||The pest rolls the leaves into a tube and holds them together with cobwebs.||Before budding and after flowering, treatment with Karbofos (30 g per 10 l).||Autumn harvesting leaves.|
Photo Gallery: Cultural Parasites
Pear mite feeds on leaf juice
Leafworm grows larvae in foliage
Slimy sawfly eats leaves and shoots
Recommendations for harvesting and storing crops
Rogneda pear is excellent for fresh consumption or preservation
Rogneda is a fast-growing variety. The first crop is harvested in 3-4 years. The average productivity of one pear is 50 kg. But under favorable conditions, the yield can reach 100 kg of the crop. Harvesting ripeness occurs in mid-August, and consumer ripeness in the third decade of August or early September.
Harvesting is recommended in dry weather in the evening. At room temperature, fruits are stored for 10 to 20 days. And in a cellar or refrigerator at 2-4 ° C and 85-90% humidity, they will lie for two months.
Pears of this variety are suitable for making jams, compotes, pie fillings, as well as fresh consumption.
The Rogneda variety is suitable for regions with cold climates. The pear yield is high, and the taste of the fruit deservedly occupies one of the highest positions. Systematic top dressing, watering, loosening and pruning will help increase fruiting to delight the whole family with a tasty harvest.
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