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Afelandra: All The Nuances Of Caring For A Flower At Home + Photos And Videos
Afelandra: All The Nuances Of Caring For A Flower At Home + Photos And Videos

Home Afelandra care: does beauty require sacrifice?


A huge number of amateur and professional florists strive to recreate tropical thickets on their windowsills, growing rare and original plants. Some of the exotic specimens do not require special conditions, but often do not have any special decorative qualities. The opposite of the "gray mice" is the beauty of Afelandra. She has bright inflorescences and unique variegated leaves, the color of which allows the flower to decorate the interior even on its own all year round. However, unlike many other domestic tropical counterparts, Afelandra is finicky, and not everyone can afford to take care of her. But you should not be upset: you just need to find out more about the nature of this flower, so as not to ignore the really important points - and everything will work out!


  • 1 Always decorative
  • 2 Varieties for home cultivation

    • 2.1 Photo gallery: varieties of Afelandra for indoor use
    • 2.2 Video: compact Afelandra
  • 3 How to groom a rainforest guest

    • 3.1 General conditions of detention by seasons - table
    • 3.2 The nuances of watering and feeding
    • 3.3 Flowering
    • 3.4 Rest period
    • 3.5 Cropping
  • 4 Planting and transplanting
  • 5 Troubleshooting

    • 5.1 Maintenance errors and their elimination - table
    • 5.2 Diseases and pests of Afelandra - table

      5.2.1 Photo Gallery: Acanthus Lesions

  • 6 Reproduction

    • 6.1 Seeds
    • 6.2 Cuttings
  • 7 Reviews about growing afelandra
  • 8 Video: the story of Afelandre

Always decorative

Afelandra (Aphelandra) is a representative of the tropical flora, a hygrophilous and thermophilic flower of the acanthus family. It is grown as an ornamental-leaved and ornamental-flowering houseplant. This is a perennial shrub or shrub with large, contrastingly colored leaves, reaching a height of two meters in nature. Domestic aphelandras grow no more than 1–1.3 m, and most of them are shorter, especially if you buy a compact variety.

The leaf plate of the flower is shiny, can be corrugated and smooth. The color is variegated: on the green surface of the leaf there is an ornament of white or silver stripes along the middle and lateral veins.

The flowers of aphelandra are small, but the bracts are very decorative: they are bright and collected in the form of a faceted spike or a pyramid 10-15 cm long. Orange, yellow and red colors are found.

afelandra inflorescence
afelandra inflorescence

Afelandra bracts are more decorative than flowers

It is believed to be a very moody plant and it takes a lot of effort to grow it successfully. This is not entirely true: if you initially provide optimal conditions for Afelandre, it will grow and delight you with its flowering.

Varieties for home cultivation

More than 170 varietal varieties are found in nature. Only two species have adapted for keeping in room conditions - protruding aphelandra and orange aphelandra, however, the second species on sale is extremely difficult to find.

The orange aphelandra (Aphelandra aurantiaca) is a short shrub with a fleshy stem. As the plant matures, the trunk gradually lignifies. This aphelandra species has large silvery-green leaves. The flowers are tetrahedral, bright orange. Flowering lasts about 7 days. Bracts and flowers in all varieties of bulging aphelandra are bright yellow. Under comfortable conditions, it blooms from June to November, on average, flowering lasts 6 weeks.

Photo gallery: varieties of afelandra for indoor keeping

aphelandra orange
aphelandra orange

Afelandra orange leaves are silvery-green, without contrasting veins

Afelandra Louise
Afelandra Louise

Louise is a medium-sized home shrub

Afelandra Fitz Prinsler
Afelandra Fitz Prinsler

If you are attracted by patterned leaves, choose Fitz Prinsler

Afelandra Denmark
Afelandra Denmark

Brockfield and Denmark are considered the most compact varieties.

Video: compact afelandra

How to groom a rainforest guest

Growing Afelandra is quite difficult. She does not tolerate drafts and requires compliance with all maintenance rules. Violations of growing conditions can lead to deterioration in appearance or disease.

General conditions of detention by seasons - table

Season Temperature regime Humidity Watering Lighting Top dressing
  • Not lower than 15-16 ° С,
  • no draft.
Moderate Once a week Additional artificial lighting Not required
Spring About 20 ° C Increased: frequent spraying Abundant, 2-3 times a week Bright diffused light Once every 1-2 weeks
Summer 22-25 ° C
Autumn 18-20 ° C Moderate Once a week Additional artificial lighting 1 time in 1-2 months

The nuances of watering and feeding

The flower requires regular and fairly abundant watering, especially in summer. It is important to ensure that water does not stagnate in the pot and pan, this can provoke putrefactive processes. The soil in the hot season should be well moistened, and in the cold it is enough to water as the earthy coma dries out. It is necessary to spray the leaves in the summer several times a day, in the winter 1 time in 2-3 days.

The plant requires regular mineral fertilizing, as the rapidly depleting supply of trace elements in the substrate is actively growing. Fertilization is carried out once every 1-2 weeks during the period of active growth and vegetation. In the cold season, occasional feeding is done. Complex fertilizers containing potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen are used.


Indoors, Afelandra usually blooms in early summer. A large inflorescence pleases for several weeks. Florists recommend removing it after flowering, since there is a chance of getting a fruit, and in this case, after successful fruiting, Afelandra can finish its life cycle and wither.

To regularly observe the flowering of a tropical pet, it is imperative to arrange a dormant period for the flower.

Dormant period

The plant usually goes into rest mode immediately after flowering. From about mid-autumn to early spring, the flower is taken to a bright, cool room with an air temperature of 16–20 ° C. Rare spraying and watering is carried out as the soil coma dries. With the arrival of spring, Afelandra is again moved to its permanent place.


Due to active growth, the plant stretches very quickly, loses its compactness and attractiveness, so it is worthwhile to carry out timely pruning. Pinching the buds on the upper shoots in young specimens allows you to form a neat crown and give splendor. Adult plants are recommended to be cut in early spring, removing up to half the length of the stems. After the pruning procedure, it is necessary to intensify the foliar spraying.

Afelandra Louise
Afelandra Louise

Afelandra is a fast growing plant that requires pruning and shaping

Planting and transplanting

A flower purchased in a store must be planted in a permanent pot. The fact is that aphelandras are often sold in transport soil, and an earthen lump can be wrapped with a special cloth to retain moisture. It is impossible to keep the flower in this form, exhaustion and diseases from waterlogging are guaranteed to it.

Afelandra needs a regular transplant. Adult plants over 4 years old are transplanted every 2-3 years, and young plants need only one transplant per year. The optimal time is early spring.

A high one is chosen for planting - and if you have a Louise variety, then a heavy one - a pot 5-7 centimeters larger than the previous one. It is advisable to opt for non-glazed ceramics. There must be drainage holes in the bottom.

Afelandre needs light, loose soil that allows air to pass through well. You can buy a universal substrate and peat soil at a flower shop, and then mix them with sand or fine perlite in a ratio of 6: 3: 2. When self-manufacturing the soil, the ideal ratio will be a mixture of sod land, dry peat and river sand in a 2: 1: 1 ratio.

For a correct transplant, the following sequence of actions must be observed:

  1. The flower is watered abundantly, carefully removed from the container. The roots of a newly purchased flower are washed, and in other cases, they are first examined for damage or rot.

    afelandra transplant
    afelandra transplant

    Afelandru should be removed from an old pot very carefully.

  2. Dry or rotted roots are cut with a sharp knife. The remaining healthy roots are washed after removal of rot. Places of cuts are sprinkled with activated carbon powder.
  3. Drainage from expanded clay, tiles, coal or pebbles is poured onto a quarter of the height of the pot. 3-4 cm of soil are poured from above.

    drainage for indoor plants
    drainage for indoor plants

    Drainage must be poured at the bottom of the pot, it will take about a quarter of its height

  4. The plant is set on the soil, avoiding strong bending of the roots. The soil layer is poured in portions, lightly tamped. You can cover the soil surface with drainage or large decorative pebbles.

    correct landing of afelandra
    correct landing of afelandra

    When planted correctly, the aphelandra roots are completely covered with earth

  5. After planting, the plant is well watered.

Solution of problems

Problems with Afelandra usually begin with improper care. They can manifest themselves in different ways, but if you do not respond to the sos signals, the flower will die very quickly.

withered afelandra
withered afelandra

This Afelandra was most likely kept in a cold draft.

So, the main thing is to diagnose the cause of the deterioration in time and correct the shortcomings.

Care errors and their elimination - table

Problem Cause Elimination
Falling leaves Insufficient watering Adjust watering mode
Draft or low room temperature Move to a warm place without drafts
Plenty of bright sunlight Cover or remove the plant from direct sunlight
Lack of nutrients in the soil Adjust feeding mode
Dry air Spray the leaves every day, place the pot on a pallet with damp drainage
Plant wilting Cold draft Rearrange the flower to another location
Brown leaf edge Mold damage Remove infected leaves, treat the plant with a fungicide according to the instructions
Insufficient moisture Spray the leaves every day, place the pot on a pallet with wet sawdust
Brown spots Excessive amounts of bright sun Ventilate the room regularly or change location
Lack of fresh air Shade or rearrange the plant
Shrinking leaves Lack of minerals Adjust feeding mode
Pot too tight Transplant into a larger pot

Thanks to its poisonous juice, this flower rarely gets sick, but waterlogging is destructive for it: fungal diseases - rot can develop. In addition, a plant weakened by improper care loses its immunity and is easily affected by pests.

Diseases and pests of Afelandra - table

Source of defeat Signs of the disease Prevention Treatment
Shield Brown plaques and sticky drops on the leaf plate Regular inspection and wiping of leaves with a damp cloth One-time or weekly (with severe infection) chemical treatment with Fitoverm or Actellik
Falling leaves
Mealybug Whitish bloom on the leaves in the form of cotton wool Wiping with soapy water followed by insecticide treatment
Aphid Deformed tips of the sheet plate Treatment with Akarin, Iskra Bio preparations or infusions of plants with a pungent odor, such as wormwood
Dying leaves
Insect colonies on leaves
Root rot Roots darkened and softened
  • Sufficient, but not excessive watering,
  • removing water from the sump after watering.
Surgical. Cut off the affected parts of the root system (if all the roots are affected, the plant can no longer be saved), rinse the remaining roots, sprinkle the cuts with crushed coal and after a couple of hours transplant the flower into a new disinfected soil with good drainage.
Leaves gradually turn yellow and wither

Photo gallery: Acanthus lesions


When aphids are damaged on a plant, insect colonies are clearly visible


Mealybug looks like a white cottony bloom


When damaged by a scab, brown sticky spots appear on the plant.

withered afelandra
withered afelandra

The rotted plant stops growing and gradually withers


Afelandra can be propagated in two ways: by seeds and cuttings. The second option is more preferable, since the mother plant often dies after fruiting.


Well-ripe seeds are harvested and immediately sown into the substrate. A mixture of sand and sheet earth (1: 4) is used as a soil. For germination, create greenhouse conditions and a temperature of at least 25 degrees. The greenhouse must be ventilated every day for 20 minutes. The grown seedlings are dived into small pots.

Afelandra seeds
Afelandra seeds

Afelandra seeds about 5 mm in diameter


Vegetative propagation is a much more reliable and simple method. Cuttings are made from March to May (less often in winter or summer). For this:

  1. Cut off annual shoots up to 15 centimeters long. They must have at least two leaves.
  2. The cuttings are treated with drugs that stimulate root formation: Athlete, Baikal EM-1, Kornevin and others.
  3. Rooting is carried out in a moist peat or sandy substrate. Create a greenhouse environment by covering the pot with cuttings with foil or glass.

    cuttings in greenhouses
    cuttings in greenhouses

    One way to create a greenhouse is to place the jars of plants in a transparent plastic container.

  4. The container with the handle is placed in conditions with diffused light and a temperature in the range of 22-24 ° C.
  5. The greenhouse is ventilated for 10 minutes a day.
  6. Rooting occurs within 1–2 months. After that, they are transplanted into small pots and begin to look after, as for adult plants.

    young aphelandras
    young aphelandras

    Afelandra cuttings take root up to two months

Reviews about growing Afelandra

Video: the story of Afelandre

Despite the fact that Afelandra is very thermophilic and requires constant maintenance of a high level of soil and air humidity, it is quite possible to cope with a capricious beauty. Buy a compact variety, put the plant in a place with bright diffused light without drafts, do not forget to water and feed, and in the spring, transfer to a slightly larger pot and pinch the tips of the upper shoots - and you can enjoy the spectacular greenery and bright flowering of this tropical flower all year round.

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