Table of contents:
- Making a hammock at home
- Types of hammocks and their features
- What is the best way to make a hammock: the pros and cons of fabric and mesh
- Preparation for making a hammock: drawings and diagrams
- The choice of material for making a hammock: tips for choosing
- Calculation of material and tools for work
- How can you hang a hammock
Making a hammock at home
A comfortable hammock will always be a favorite vacation spot for the whole family. How pleasant it is to relax in the fresh air after work on the backyard and sway in a comfortable hammock among tall trees. And it is not necessary to purchase it in the store, since such an item of the country exterior can be easily made by hand.
1 Types of hammocks and their features
1.1 Types of hammocks
1.1.1 Photo gallery: hammocks of various types and designs
- 2 What is better to make a hammock: the pros and cons of fabric and nets
- 3 Preparation for making a hammock: drawings and diagrams
- 4 The choice of material for making a hammock: tips for choosing
5 Calculation of material and tools for work
5.1 Fabric hammock with crossbeams
5.1.1 Stages of making a hammock
5.2 Fabric hammock with eyelets
- 5.2.1 Manufacturing steps
- 5.2.2 Video: how to make a fabric hammock
5.3 Hammock swing
- 5.3.1 Work steps
- 5.3.2 Video: how to make a hammock chair
- 5.3.3 Wicker hammock
- 5.3.4 Braiding steps
- 5.3.5 Video: how to make a wicker hammock
6 How can you hang a hammock
- 6.1 Wooden hammock frame
6.2 Second version of the framework
6.2.1 Video: how to make a wooden frame for a hammock with your own hands
6.3 Metal structure
6.3.1 Video: metal hammock stand
Types of hammocks and their features
For the first time a hammock appeared among the Indians of the Caribbean islands. Since it was impossible to sleep on the ground, the enterprising natives came up with such a device as a hammock. Seeing such a comfortable and safe bed, the Spaniards immediately adopted it, and later many residents of different countries already used it. Naturally, over time, the hammock has been significantly modified and modified, and now we can choose any design of the hammock at our discretion: from fabric, wicker, from wood, etc.
Hammocks come in a variety of designs
By their design, hammocks can be:
Suspended. This is a classic type of comfortable "bed" that can be hung between two trees and made of fabric or thick and strong rope. They can have wooden, metal or plastic mountings. They are considered the simplest, easiest to manufacture and affordable option.
Hanging fabric hammock is comfortable and easy to make
Wireframe. This hammock has a prefabricated frame structure. It is easy to assemble and disassemble, transport it in a car and install it in any convenient place (even in an apartment).
The frame collapsible hammock will successfully fit into the apartment interior
Types of hammocks
The Brazilian hammock is a modification of the Mexican design and is designed for people who are used to maximum comfort. It can be suspended from ropes using special straps and a rigid cross beam. The width of such a product reaches two meters. This is a rather expensive and complicated construction, since certain loads from the suspension points are "located" along the fabric much more difficult than along the mesh, therefore, to install such a product, a large number of branches and wings are required.
The Brazilian hanging hammock has additional supports
A Mexican hammock can be made of fabric or ropes. Has no hard parts. Since it consists only of a piece of fabric and a few stretching ropes, it can be carried around in a bag, backpack or shoulder bag. The disadvantage of such a product is the need for a large amount of fabric (about 3 meters long and 1.5-2 meters wide). To hang it between the supports, a large distance is required. It cannot be made double, as you will need a large enough piece of fabric that will fold into a tight "cocoon", which will make staying in it not entirely comfortable. You can stay in such a hammock for no more than two hours, since then your back begins to ache and comfort is out of the question.
Mexican hanging hammock is easy to carry, but not very comfortable for long-term use
A Vietnamese or Malay hammock is made from a strong fishing net and is suspended on several support branches with varying degrees of load. Since this design was not very convenient, the residents of Asian countries decided to supplement it with transverse slats - traverses. This is a comfortable bed that can be easily doubled. You can stay in such a hammock for an unlimited amount of time without experiencing painful inconvenience.
Vietnamese hanging hammock can accommodate two
The Brazilian seating hammock is a reduced and simplified construction that is attached to a trapezoidal suspension. This hanging chair can be made with a semi-rigid structure or completely rigid. That is, a hammock - an armchair can be completely wicker made of natural or artificial rattan.
The hammock chair can be used for sitting or as a swing for children
Photo gallery: hammocks of various types and designs
The wicker hammock chair has a stable wooden frame
A rocking hammock on a metal frame can be installed anywhere
A wooden hammock chair will perfectly decorate a summer cottage or a children's corner
A bright and effective knitted hammock chair can be made by hand
Fabric hammocks are stronger than wicker ones
Hanging fabric hammock with two attachments can be taken with you on a hike
Frame hammocks can be of various shapes and colors
Sleeping in a hammock is not only comfortable but also useful
Since the hammock is used in hot weather, it is very important that the material is environmentally friendly and breathable.
It is easier to maintain balance in a hammock without crossbars
If there are no suitable trees on the site, hammocks can be placed in the gazebo
Wicker hammocks chairs will become a decoration of the house and the street
What is the best way to make a hammock: the pros and cons of fabric and mesh
Regardless of the design and type of hammock, you need to know a few general rules that will help in making a comfortable and durable product.
- Hammock fabric. Correctly selected fabric will significantly extend the service life of the product and increase its strength characteristics. In order for a hammock to be durable and reliable, you need to choose thick fabrics such as canvas, tarpaulin, teak, jeans or camouflage. Materials made of synthetic fibers are no less durable, but they do not allow air to pass through, so being in a hammock in hot summer will not be entirely comfortable.
Hammock fabric should be as strong as possible, but at the same time it is good to let air through
Ropes or ropes for a braided product are selected in the same way, based on their strength, practicality and comfort. It is best to purchase items made from cotton threads. It is more convenient and easier to work with such ropes, they are more reliable and stronger in knots and weaves, and are also pleasant to the body.
It is best to purchase ropes made from natural threads
Regardless of whether you choose fabric or ropes for making your hammock, you shouldn't settle for cheap synthetic materials. If we talk about which is better: fabric or rope woven mesh, then everything here depends on the preferences of the owners of such a design. The fabric is denser, less air permeable, so even in cool weather, such a hammock will be comfortable and cozy. The net product is ideal for a hot and exhausting summer. Blown from all sides by even a slight gentle breeze, a wicker hammock will create a wonderful bed for relaxing.
If we talk about the complexity of making a hammock out of fabric, then making it will be much easier and faster than weaving a fishing net on your own or learning the macrame technique. Therefore, you can simply buy a ready-made strong mesh, which will serve as the basis for making a rope hammock.
Preparation for making a hammock: drawings and diagrams
Before starting work, you need to know some rules for making a hammock structure.
- The strength of the supports. The hammock is placed between two free-standing supporting structures, which can be trees or special pillars driven into the ground to a depth of at least 1 meter. The diameter of the trees for fastening the product must be at least 20 cm.
Hanging height. The hammock should be 1.5–1.6 meters above the ground. The step between the supporting structures should be 30 cm longer than the length of the hammock itself. On average, this figure varies from 2.75 to 3 meters. If it is impossible to change the distance between the support posts (especially between trees), then the length of the hammock can be changed by decreasing or increasing the height of the garters, changing the amount of deflection or the degree of tension.
Flat cord hammocks have less chafing than round hammocks
We will sew a fabric hammock measuring 3x2.2 meters. For this we need a durable mattress teak, calico or camouflage fabric. To make the hammock comfortable and roomy, we focus on an adult (man). Therefore, we use the full width fabric.
The choice of material for making a hammock: tips for choosing
We use wooden parts as a frame for the hammock. It is best to purchase a canvas with a width of 3.6 meters, but you can take two pieces of 1.4 meters and just sew them together. If you take canvas, you must take into account the fact that it will be very difficult to sew such material on an ordinary sewing machine.
To fasten the structure, we need a strong rope or a clothesline made of cotton fibers.
Calculation of material and tools for work
For the manufacture of various options for fabric hammocks, we need certain materials and tools.
Fabric hammock with crossbeams
- durable fabric - 3x2.2 m;
- synthetic winterizer - 50 cm;
- sling - 5.2x3 cm;
- nylon halyard - section 4 mm;
- wooden block - section 4 mm;
- acrylic paint.
- metal ruler - meter;
- chalk for marking fabric;
- hacksaw for wood;
- small brush;
- basting and regular needles;
- sewing machine;
The ironed parts are thinner, easier to sew and there is no need to hold the fabric with your hand
Stages of making a hammock
On the seamy side of the material, we draw two rectangles measuring 1.5x2 meters. Cut out the patterns and fold them face-to-face to each other.
First, the fabric must be cut
- We retreat 1.5-2 cm from the edges and sew short sides of the fabric on both sides. We turn out the workpiece there. The lower part will act as the back, and the upper part will act as the face. Iron the allowances on one side.
We sew the sling on the long part of the part with an indentation along the edges of 5 cm. Along the back of the sling is laid along the entire length, and from the front side at a distance of 35 cm from the seam. Next, we wrap the lower part of the workpiece onto the upper one, without cutting the sling.
Slings are used to fix the shape of the hammock
- We prepare 4 pieces of slings 70 cm long. Sew them to the indicated attachment points, facing the back. Sew the edges to create holes for the rungs.
We sew lateral long sides of the product on the front side with a step of 30 cm from the edge. We cut strips of 25x125 cm from the padding polyester and put them in the prepared pockets. Then we tuck, outline and stitch the edges so that we get a kind of steering wheels on the sides of the hammock from the long sides. In order to secure the synthetic winterizer well, we sew the pockets using the quilted method in several places.
Sintepon will give additional comfort
- We saw a wooden block into two equal parts. Mark about 2 cm from two edges and make a notch about 1 cm in size. Take out the excess chips with a chisel. We clean the sawn-off parts with sandpaper and paint the bars with acrylic paint. Leave to dry.
We retreat 5 cm from the two ends of the product and sew drawstrings to thread the crossbars into them. Passing the bars, we evenly collect the base of the hammock on them.
Cut out the recesses in the bars, thread them into the slings and tie the ropes
We tie a nylon halyard to two crossbeams, so that the knots are in the grooves.
The finished hanging fabric hammock is attached to trees or hooks specially welded to the posts
Fabric hammock with eyelets
You can make a slightly different modification of a fabric hammock on grommets with wooden posts.
Materials and tools:
- durable material - 2.7-3 m;
- eyelets - 22 pcs;
- tools for inserting them;
- rope 35 m long, 6 mm diameter;
- large metal rings;
- electric drill and drill 12 mm;
- bars 30x50 - their length should correspond to the width of the hammock;
- sewing machine;
- chalk for marking fabric;
Measure out a piece of fabric and cut off 2.7 meters. We fold the edges by about 6 cm and sew on a typewriter. Then we iron them out, again bend and sew.
The edges of the fabric are tucked in 2 cm and sewn on a typewriter
Mark with chalk on the fabric along the width of the eyelets attachment points with the same pitch. We will get 11 pieces on each side.
You will need a special tool to attach the eyelets to the fabric.
In the marked places we cut out small holes and fasten the eyelets in them with a special tool. Our hammock canvas is ready.
Eyelets insert and lock in full length
For the spacers, we take 2 bars with holes drilled in them at the same distance as the eyelets on the hammock. They will keep the fabric from folding under the weight of people.
Crossbars will keep the fabric from pulling and sagging
We stretch the ropes through the holes.
We pass each of the cut pieces of the cord through the hole. We do this procedure on both sides of the hammock.
We mount hammock slings. For this we manufacture a special frame. But you can not do it. To do this, we attach a metal ring to the hook, lay the hammock on the floor and secure it with a heavy press.
The knot is braided and the hammock can be hung on hooks
We make a spacer on the frame. We pass each line through the eyelet, and then through the hole in the spacer and the ring. We return the rope back. After completing all the work, we tie its ends. We braid the ring with the remaining ends of the lines. We do the same on the other side of the hammock. We hang it on the supports.
Everyone can make a hammock on their own
We grind all wooden structural elements and then cover them with an antiseptic. Then they can be varnished or painted.
Video: how to make a fabric hammock
Such a small hammock for sitting can be easily made from a piece of fabric and a metal hoop (hula hoop) for children.
Materials and tools:
- durable fabric - 3x1.5 m;
- hoop with a diameter of 90 cm;
- sintepon - 3x1.5 m;
- strong rep tape - 8 m;
- sewing machine;
- a piece of chalk.
Stages of work
- We cut out two equal squares from the fabric, measuring 1.5x1.5 meters.
- We fold each one four times.
- To make a circle out of it, draw a circle from a central corner with a radius of 65 cm and cut it out. We also do the second circle.
- We outline the holes for the lines: we fold the circle in four and iron it so that the folds are landmarks. The first pair of lines will be located relative to the bend at an angle of 45 0, the second - 30 0.
We also cut out the synthetic winterizer.
To make the same cuts on both circles, connect the fabric cuts and pin them.
- We put a synthetic winterizer between two parts of the material.
- We sew two identical covers on a typewriter. Then we sew them together by placing a metal hoop between them.
We tie a rep ribbon to the hoop in four places, cutting it into 4 equal parts.
The ribbon can be attached or simply tied with a sea knot
- We tie the free ends to a thick tree trunk or other frame at the required height.
If the hanging chair will be located on a veranda or in a bedside room, a hanging structure will be required
We have a comfortable and small hammock that does not require multiple support legs.
Video: how to make a hammock chair
Wicker hammocks have been known for a very long time, since in our country they were used everywhere, unlike fabric ones. For the most part, their base resembles an ordinary fishing or volleyball net, which is suspended between two trees.
The simplest pattern of weaving a hammock looks like a volleyball net
Consider a hammock 2.5 meters long and 90 cm wide.
Materials and tools:
- two wooden slats, thickness - 1.5 m;
- ropes or thick rope 170 meters - diameter 8 mm;
- electric drill and drill;
- varnish or paint;
- metal rings - 2 pcs.
We drill holes in the planks in increments of 4–5 cm.
There must be no cracks or knots in the slats
- We cut off 20 meters of rope, which will go to the fasteners. And we cut 150 meters into equal parts of 6 meters.
- We fasten each rope with a loop and tie a knot on the bar.
We choose any weaving pattern with a cell size of at least 7 cm.
To knit a comfortable and beautiful hammock, it is enough to learn how to weave several knots
Having finished weaving, we attach the ends of the rope in knots to the second plank and make fasteners for two planks. For this we use metal rings.
Ropes are fixed to a wooden plank with loops and knots
- We check the strength of the product and attach it to the supports.
Before you hang the hammock, you need to test it for strength
Video: how to make a wicker hammock
How can you hang a hammock
In order to hang such a hammock on two trees, it is necessary to stuff special support bars on the trunks. They will not let the halyard slide down.
The selected trees must be of sufficient strength
But it is best to use metal or wooden poles, driven in at a certain distance from each other. Special hooks must be welded to the posts at a height of about 1.5 meters. If these are wooden supports, then you can make special hoops with hooks.
Supports must be at least 15 cm in diameter or 10 * 15 cm in cross section
Wooden frame for hammock
You can make a wooden frame-support for a portable hammock yourself. To make such a structure, we need:
- wooden beam - 80x80 mm;
- board - 100x30 mm;
- studs, M10 bolts and nuts;
- hooks for hanging a hammock;
- electric circular saw;
- electric drill;
- paint or varnish;
We will make the lower support from two bars of 3 meters and two transverse bars of 1.5 meters. Two side beams of fastening are made of 2 meters long timber and two stops of 1.45 meters.
The wooden frame consists of a base, supporting beams and thrust inserts
First, we make jibs. This is the side part of the rack, on which we will hang the hammock using hooks. To do this, we fasten the beam and the stop to each other and cut it off at the bottom so that we get a sheer, but strong and stable part with a camber at the top points of at least 4 meters.
The finished structure must withstand not only the vertical load created by the weight of the person, but also the overturning
We install and fasten the side elements between 2 longitudinal bars. They should be in a mirror "reflection" from each other.
The legs must be more than 1 m wide
We make the cross bar from two boards, 1.3 and 1.5 meters, and place them one on top of the other to ensure maximum stability of our structure. At the end, we fasten the longitudinal bars with transverse strips at a distance of 60 cm from each end.
Bolts or screws can be used to assemble the structure.
- We grind all wooden parts with a grinder, cover them with an antiseptic and let them dry. Then we cover it with paint or varnish.
Hammock stand can be stationary or collapsible
The second version of the frame
The second design is more convenient and requires the same materials and tools as in the first option.
In the second version, the foundations are also used, but the fastening and angles of inclination of the supporting beams and struts change
In this case, we make the jib in a slightly different way, and also add a handle with which you can easily get up from the hammock.
In the second frame, the load-bearing beams and struts are interchanged
Video: how to make a wooden frame for a hammock with your own hands
According to the same principle, if desired, you can weld a metal support for a hammock from shaped pipes of a square or round cross section.
The dimensions of the support can be selected independently, depending on the dimensions of the hammock, the amount of free space in the country
Video: metal hammock stand
If you adhere to the correct hammock making technique, then you will get a comfortable product where you can relax on hot summer days. A fabric or wicker hammock is an excellent option that will replace bulky expensive garden furniture, and thanks to their mobility, it will be possible to hang such a structure in any convenient place on the garden plot.