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Installation And Arrangement Of The Roof And Ceiling Of The Bath + Video
Installation And Arrangement Of The Roof And Ceiling Of The Bath + Video

Video: Installation And Arrangement Of The Roof And Ceiling Of The Bath + Video

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Do-it-yourself bath roof

Bath roof
Bath roof

The bath not only gives us pleasure and good mood. It also has health-improving functions. To ensure that the water procedures in the bath are complete, the room must be properly built and decorated. Adhering to all the rules in building a bath is our task.

So, we have come to the final stage - the roof of the bath. This is the final element of the entire construction, no less complex and painstaking, which means it is important than everyone else. Therefore, we will take a step-by-step look at such a process as installing a ceiling and building a bathhouse roof.

When building a bathhouse, you should adhere to certain rules and criteria. One of the most important characteristics is the ability of a building to retain heat inside itself, respectively, the main task is to create the so-called thermos effect in the room.

Content

  • 1 Necessity of vapor barrier of the ceiling in the bath room
  • 2 The essence and technology of vapor barrier
  • 3 Learn more about the materials used to seal the ceiling.
  • 4 Main characteristics of modern materials
  • 5 Basic information about the roof of the bath
  • 6 Gable roof for a bath
  • 7 Video about installing a roof for a bath

The need for vapor barrier of the ceiling in the bath room

The high temperature inside the bath must be guaranteed during use. This is not easy to achieve and therefore it is important to choose the right material to build. Each of the common materials has its own pros and cons: brick walls. And therefore, the roofing cake quickly warms up, but also cools down just as quickly. The tree retains heat well, but deteriorates and rots from moisture.

The vapor barrier of the bath ceiling is especially important. As you know, heated air rises up, as does steam, and with poor-quality vapor barrier, not only heat will quickly leave the room through the roofing cake, but condensation will also spoil the ceiling covering. For this reason, one should think about high-quality and correct vapor barrier of the ceiling even at the initial stages of construction, carefully considering and weighing all the proposed methods, and choosing the necessary materials. After all, a good ceiling and roofing cake, properly insulated and insulated from moisture, will become the key to your comfort, health and durability of the entire bath.

vapor barrier 1
vapor barrier 1

Waterproofing is a vapor barrier that protects the wall and ceiling surfaces, as well as the attic and the roofing cake from moisture. Usually, a waterproof film is used as a vapor barrier material. This method will not only ensure the maintenance of the necessary temperature conditions, but also exclude the impact of an aggressive external environment and climatic conditions even at the stage of construction and initial design of the bath.

The essence and technology of vapor barrier

It is from the ceiling that experts recommend starting the vapor barrier of the bath. Waterproofing, like thermal insulation - in fact, the work is not difficult, and you can cope with it with some skills in the construction business. The main thing is to choose the right materials according to the financial capabilities and tasks assigned to the bath room.

The building materials with which the ceiling is insulated have not only protective, but also energy-saving properties, ensuring the preservation of heat inside, and excluding the penetration of cold masses from the outside.

First of all, carrying out such work as waterproofing the ceiling, you should completely block any possibility for air to escape through the roof. When working in a log room, the ceiling should be sewn up with chopping blocks, thereby securing the roofing cake. For this, boards can also be suitable, but their consumption will be much greater.

After the surface of the ceiling is sewn up, the next layer is sewn with insulation, which will provide protection from steam. Foil, thick cardboard, waxed paper impregnated with linseed oil can serve as such a material. After the cladding is completed, the ceiling should be covered with an even layer of clay. After it dries, thermal insulation is used: you need to sheathe the surface of the ceiling with insulation.

Vapor barrier and ceiling insulation
Vapor barrier and ceiling insulation

Consider another method of ceiling vapor barrier, which is quite common in practice. On top of the ceiling beams, unedged boards are sewn parallel to each other (the thickness should be at least 5 cm), the next layer of the same boards is sewn across, providing the cake with insulation. The effect of a lathing is created. The most commonly used material is linden lining, since it is inexpensive and fully meets the requirements for its technical qualities. After that, on top of the boards, sheathing with cardboard impregnated with linseed oil is carried out. The next layer is clay plaster, after drying of which thermal insulation is made with a heater.

Recently, clay is increasingly being replaced by polystyrene plates. Their advantages in comparison with traditional materials are ease of installation, strength (they do not exfoliate over time), besides, working with clay is quite dirty. This waterproofing is ideal for a steam room. The rest of the premises - dressing room, dressing room - can be decorated with clapboard.

Learn more about the materials used for the vapor barrier of the ceiling

The modern market offers a variety of materials with which waterproofing can be done ideally. In addition, insulation with traditional natural materials continues to hold its positions in popularity. A mixture of clay with sawdust is still considered the most popular due to its low cost, easy application and good adhesion. As a disadvantage in the case of using such a mixture, one can name the large time spent on the working process and a large amount of dirt.

Isolation is also popular by filling a clay screed with a mass of perlite and peat. This layer is covered with polyethylene or foil.

backfill with perlite
backfill with perlite

Among modern materials, styzol is considered one of the best. It simultaneously performs functions such as thermal insulation and vapor barrier, withstands high temperature loads and exposure to moisture, therefore it is a fairly economical material, ideal for performing such a function as ceiling insulation. Styzol is available in two versions: regular and self-adhesive. The second one is much easier to work with, although a little more expensive.

Another material that deserves attention is waterproofing in the form of a film, which during operation should be laid inside the bathhouse, under the sheathing. It is also becoming more and more popular for such insulation as expanded polypropylene, laminated with foil. Thick foil not only prevents steam from escaping, but also reflects the effect of temperature, thereby retaining heat inside the room.

Main characteristics of modern materials

These properties include:

  • The ability to use in a temperature range of -50 to +150 degrees
  • High heat, sound and waterproofing, ensuring coziness and comfort inside the bath
  • Maximum convenience during installation work (it is easy to cut with a knife, the insulation is mounted and fastened with a furniture stapler, tape or small nails)
  • Resistant to decay, corrosion and other damage
  • Full compliance with environmental standards.

The above materials are perfect for sheathing the ceiling of the steam room, the insulation from the effects of steam with their help will become ideal. Lining the ceiling of the dressing room or rest room does not require such careful work. These rooms can be sheathed with kraft paper, it resists the effects of steam quite well, looks aesthetically pleasing, easy to install and inexpensive.

kraft paper
kraft paper

Waterproofing the ceiling of the bath will be the more effective, the more you decide to use types of materials. The main thing is to correctly combine them before sheathing the ceiling, so that each room fulfills its purpose optimally, but finishing and cladding does not hit the pocket.

Bath waterproofing requires a properly drawn up action plan and the correct selection of materials. When these conditions are met, the owner will ensure a long service life of the bath, its efficiency and savings in money and time. Such a bath will bring a lot of pleasure to you and your guests.

Basic information about the roof of the bath

The first step is to decide which roof structure suits you best. Traditionally, bath roofs are single-pitched and gable, and the choice in one direction or another should be made based on factors such as price, type of terrain, climatic conditions, building area and materials to be used. The next thing to look out for is whether there will be an attic under your roof or not.

The attic is perfect for a sauna, which is planned to be used in cold weather. The roof with an attic has increased thermal insulation properties, it is like an additional air cushion. In addition, the attic can be equipped as an additional room: a recreation room, a storage room or a billiard room.

collage 2
collage 2

The simplest and cheapest type of roof is a pitched roof. Such a roof is perfect for a small bathhouse, or for a bathhouse extension to the main building.

Keep in mind that rain and snow fall off a pitched roof worse than a gable roof. To avoid additional loads, build a bathhouse in an open area and calculate the total windage of the structure. The optimal angle of inclination of a pitched roof is 20-30 degrees.

The process of installing a shed roof looks like this:

  • A Mauerlat is installed, that is, guide beams that are attached to the wall with anchor bolts;
  • Rafters are attached to the Mauerlat in pre-cut nests with slate nails, at a distance of 60-80cm. At the same time, leave a gap on the ledge of 15-30 cm;
  • The crate is installed over the rafters;
  • Waterproofing is done and roofing material is laid.

Gable roof for a bath

Such a roof provides good snow and rain and allows you to equip an attic, although it will cost more than a pitched roof.

Install the attic floor first. It can be assembled completely on the ground and then lifted onto the roof and secured. The next step is to install the Mauerlat on the finished walls. The optimal diameter of the logs for the Mauerlat is 18 cm. The rafters are installed on the Mauerlat, they can also be assembled on the ground and installed ready-assembled. The rafters are correctly installed every 60-120 cm, fixing on the Mauerlat with iron brackets and leaving about 30 cm behind the wall for the cornice allowance.

After that, make the crate. Its type depends on the material used for the roofing: solid sheathing for roofing felt, or an arrangement at a distance of up to 1 meter for slate.

Now proceed with the hydro and thermal insulation. Use a stapler to attach a waterproofing material, such as plastic sheeting, to the batten. For thermal insulation, choose a fire-resistant material such as mineral wool or stone wool. Such cotton wool is stolen in even parts into the boxes, leaving no allowances, and is fastened either with a stapler or with nails. Thermal insulation can be done in three ways: under the rafters, between them, or along the top.

Well, the last stage of the work is the installation of the roof. When choosing a material, it is imperative to take into account its tightness, fire resistance and moisture resistance. It can be slate, roofing material, corrugated board, galvanized sheet or metal.

bath roof installation
bath roof installation

The most economical in terms of cost is roofing material, but its service life is short. Roofing material is laid with an allowance of 10-15 cm, but the material should be stretched so that a wave does not form. After that, the edges of the roofing material, protruding from the crate, are fixed and cut off. The material is fastened with special buttons, after which each of the subsequent sheets is overlapped with a margin of 8-10 cm.

Roof waterproofing is done at the very last stage of installation. For this, as a rule, a polyethylene or membrane film is used. It is laid on top of the rafters before the installation of the sheathing is carried out, with an overlap without tightening, and secured with tape.

Video about installing a roof for a bath

Well, now your sauna is completely ready to delight lovers of steam at any time of the year. Each element of the building has been considered in maximum detail, and you can be sure that the bath procedures will bring you pleasure and health. Enjoy Your Bath!

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