Table of contents:
- Pear Memory Zhegalov: we grow a variety with aromatic fruits
- Description of pear variety Pamyat Zhegalova
- Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table
- Pear care requirements - table
- Features of rooting a seedling
- Pear garden feeding scheme - table
- Diseases and pests
- Gardeners reviews
Video: Pear Memory Zhegalov: Description And Characteristics Of The Variety, Advantages And Disadvantages, Planting And Care Features + Photos And Reviews
Pear Memory Zhegalov: we grow a variety with aromatic fruits
The new pear variety is named after the famous scientist-breeder of the Timiryazev Academy Sergei Ivanovich Zhegalov. The fruit tree was created for the Central regions of Russia. Its value is in early maturity, keeping juicy fruits, and scab resistance.
- 1 Description of pear variety Pamyat Zhegalova
- 2 Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table
- 3 Pear care requirements - table
4 Features of rooting a seedling
- 4.1 Preparing for landing
4.2.1 Video: how to plant a pear tree correctly
5 Scheme of feeding a pear garden - table
5.1 Video: how to feed a pear in spring
6 Diseases and pests
6.1 Table: diseases and pests characteristic of pears Memory of Zhegalov
- 7 Harvesting
- 8 Reviews of gardeners
Description of pear variety Pamyat Zhegalova
It is believed that a sweet, flowing pear can be tasted only in the southern regions of the country. The delicate pulp does not like a long journey, and you need to eat it on the spot. But it is also possible to grow fruits with excellent taste in central Russia, if you pick up a zoned variety, for example, Pamyat Zhigalova.
Pear Memory Zhigalov grows quickly, giving the first harvest 3-4 years after planting
The pear is not tall, the bark is painted in gray shades. Crown formation is easy, as the branches are not prone to lateral overgrowth.
The leaf is dark green, leathery. Carpal inflorescences, collected in a scutellum, consisting of 5-7 flowers. Petals and buds are white with a honey aroma. However, setting the fruit will require a pollinator and bees. The yield depends on the weather conditions during the flowering of the tree.
Fruits weighing 120–130 g, elongated, are harvested in September. The pear acquires a pleasant taste after ripening for several days in a cool place.
Pears of the Pamyat Zhegalova variety have juicy and sweet fruits
Fruits are yellowish-green, by the end of storage they acquire a yellow color with a blush. The yield of one mature tree is 40–42 kg. Fruiting is annual. The best pollinators are pear varieties:
- Bergamot Moscow;
- Yakovlev's favorite.
Assessment of fruits by standards:
- appearance - 4.3 points out of 5;
- taste 4.0-4.4 points out of 5;
- the pulp is whitish-yellow, juicy;
- composition - sugar - 9.3%, acids - 0.41% (soluble - 14.2%, dry - 16.5%).
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table
||self-infertility (pollinator varieties are necessary for the formation of ovaries)|
Pear care requirements - table
|Acidity||pH 6.5-7.2, humus-rich soils|
|Priming. water||not higher than 2 m|
|Watering||drought-resistant, water 3 times in the absence of rain|
|Landing scheme||4x5 m, deadline - end of September, early spring.|
|Reproduction||seedling grafted onto the stock|
|Pruning||sanitary, molding, control|
Features of rooting a seedling
The garden is laid in a place protected from cold winds with a low standing of groundwater. In this case, a sunny slope is chosen. The soil must be moisture-absorbing, fertile and cultivated and have the composition:
- black soil;
- sandy loam;
Preparing for landing
The soil for the planting hole is prepared in the fall. Contribute:
- potassium chloride.
The earth is dug deep.
When planting, the root collar must not be buried.
A planting hole for a tree is prepared in advance. For this:
- Dig a hole 60–70 cm in diameter, 1 m in depth.
- A fertile soil layer is laid, 2 buckets of fresh humus are added, the same amount of sand and 200 g of superphosphate. The composition is mixed and covered with foil.
- A bucket of water is poured into the pit and 400 g of fluff is put.
- A stake is driven into the center of the hole, to which a seedling will be tied in the future.
After 10 days, start planting pears. The steps of the procedure are as follows:
- A seedling is placed in the center of the pit and the voids are covered with a nutritious substrate.
- When planting a young tree, the root collar is not buried. After planting, it should protrude 6-7 cm above the kidney.
- For irrigation, an earthen rampart is arranged around the perimeter of the hole and 2-3 buckets of water are poured into the resulting "saucer".
- The trunk circle is mulched so that a crust does not form on the surface.
Video: how to plant a pear tree correctly
Pear garden feeding scheme - table
|Urea||early spring||500-600 g per 10 liters of water|
|Ammonium nitrate / nitroammophoska||early spring||30-40 g per 10 l of water|
|Humus||early spring||5 buckets for 10 liters of water|
|Urea (foliar feeding)||from early spring to late summer||30-50 g per 10 l of water|
|Urea||spring (during flowering)||250-300 g per 10 liters of water|
|Liquid chicken droppings||spring (during flowering)||1.5-2 l|
|A mixture of superphosphate with potassium||spring (during flowering)||100 g superphosphate and 60–70 g potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water|
|A mixture of superphosphate and dry sodium humate||spring (after flowering)||0.5 kg of nitrophosphate and 10 g of dry sodium humate per 100 l of water|
|Mineral mixture||autumn||potassium - 1 tbsp. l., double superphosphate - 2 tbsp. l., calcium - 1 tbsp. l. for 10 liters of water|
Pear responds well to foliar dressing
Video: how to feed a pear in spring
Diseases and pests
Pear variety Pamyat Zhigalova is almost not affected by fungal diseases. However, preventive treatment of the garden is necessary. Moreover, damage by brown leaf spot, damage by insects (pear flower beetle, leafworm and peppered moth) threatens this resistant tree.
Table: diseases and pests characteristic of pears Memory of Zhegalov
|Time of processing||Diseases and pests||Preparations for processing and their proportions|
|Before bud break||Wintering pests: aphids, leafworms, scale insects, mites and honeydew||
|The beginning of bud break||Different types of leaf spot||Bordeaux mixture 1% (100 grams of copper sulfate, 150 grams of lime per 10 liters).|
|Budding||Weevil and Copper||
|Bloom||Leaf-gnawing caterpillars, moth||Lepidocide - 50 ml per 10 liters of water (2-3 treatments with an interval of 10-14 days).|
|Immediately after flowering||Fruit moth, aphid and sawfly||
|15-20 days after flowering||Aphids, moth, honeydew, flower beetle, leaf-eating caterpillars||Wormwood infusion - half a bucket of chopped raw grass is poured into 10 liters of cold water, infused for 1–2 days, boiled for 25–30 minutes, filtered and brought to 10 liters with water. Before spraying, dilute with water twice more.|
|If necessary||Mites||Colloidal sulfur 1% - a package of the drug for 5 liters of water. Consumption for a young tree - 2 liters, for an adult - up to 10 liters.|
Pear variety Pamyat Zhegalova is late ripening. The crop does not crumble, it stays on the branches even with gusts of wind. But the third decade of September is the end of the warm period in the central regions. Therefore, the crop must be harvested and sent for ripening. At first, the fruits are tart, they acquire aroma and juiciness during storage. The transportability of the products is good, the implementation period is about 4 months.
Fruit with excellent taste and aroma - thanks for the good care
You can feast on fresh vitamin products for 4 months, and also make blanks. Storage at temperatures close to 0 ºC will prolong the shelf life of fresh fruits.
Pear Memory Zhegalov is included in the State Register, recommended for industrial gardening. The variety is tolerant to fungal diseases, fruitful. Delicious late fruits are well stored.